MEDICINE AND THE MILITARY SOME ETHICAL PROBLEMS
Gordon S. Livingston
The regimen I adopt shall be for the benefit of my patients according to my ability and judgment, and not for their hurt or for any wrong.
I will practice my profession with conscience and dignity; the health of my patient will be my first consideration.
--Declaration of Geneva ( 1948)
The principal objective of the medical profession is to render service to humanity with full respect for the dignity of man.
--Opinions and Reports of the Judicial Council of the American Medical Association ( 1966)
The Army Medical Service is a supporting service of the combat elements of the Army primarily concerned with the maintenance of the health and fighting efficiency of the troops. . . . Its mission is to conserve manpower for early return to duty.
--U.S. Army Field Manual 8-10
In his laborious and checkered efforts to bring order and a sense of lasting value to his life, man has evolved and codified a multitude of behaviors. None of these efforts, even when cloaked in the mantle of divine