Two Hundred and Eight Instances of United States "Use of Force" Abroad without a Declaration of War, 1798-1989
|1798-1800||Undeclared naval war with France.|
|1801-1805||Tripoli. The First Barbary War.|
|1806|| Mexico (Spanish territory). Capt. Z. M. Pike's invasion of Rio|
|1806-1810|| Gulf of Mexico. American gunboats off Mississippi delta|
against Spanish and French.
West Florida (Spanish territory). Gov. Claiborne with troops|
east of Mississippi.
|1812|| Amelia Island and other parts of East Florida, then under|
Spain. Occupation by Gen. George Matthews.
West Florida (Spanish territory). Gen. Wilkinson seizes Mo-|
|1813-14||Marquesas Islands. Fort built on Nukahiva Island.|
|1814||Spanish Florida. Gen. Andrew Jackson takes Pensacola.|
|1814-1825|| Caribbean. Fighting in Cuba, Puerto Rico, Santo Domingo,|
|1815||Algiers. The Second Barbary War.|
|1815||Tripoli. Decatur's squadron at Tunis and Tripoli.|
|1816||Spanish Florida. United States destroys Nicholis Fort.|
|1816-1818||Spanish Florida. First Seminole War.|
|1817|| Amelia Island (Spanish territory off Florida). United States|
lands and fights smugglers.