Trade, Industrialization, and Integration in Twentieth-Century Central America

By Irma Tirado de Alonso | Go to book overview
Save to active project

is to maintain the democracies in the region, help is needed in terms of additional funds for human and nonhuman infrastructures. Investing in these societies as the world has invested in Costa Rica would significantly add to the credibility of the democratic process and, at the same time, buy time for the process to work. As these societies become more democratic, their incorporation into the world economy will be smoother and under better terms than is currently the case.

If, on the other hand, the nature of the problem is a permanent one, then more funds are always welcome, but in addition, what is needed are new alternatives to the whole growth and development process. A realization of long lasting disequilibrium exists or that not all societies can be rich may change the whole thinking process about the Central American region and allow for a different and more efficient use of resources within a democratic environment.

For details, see Bulmer-Thomas ( 1987), pp. 276-77.
For details, see Moncarz and Lipner ( 1986).
See IMF, International Financial Statistics, 1987 and 1991.
These were comments of K. Lipner to the authors on June 11, 1992.
For details, see Shallat ( 1989), p. 221.


Bulmer-Thomas Victor. ( 1987). The Political Economy of Central America since 1920, Cambridge University Press.

Caceres Luis Rene, and George Irvin. ( 1989). "The Reconstruction of the CACM and European Cooperation." In S. Holland and G. Irvin (eds.), Central America: The Future of Economic Integration. Colorado: Westview Press.

Corbo V. and P. Rojas. (n.d.). "World Bank Supported Adjustment Programs: Country Performance and Effectiveness." The World Bank PRE Working Paper Series no. 623.

Edelman M., and Joanne Kenen. (Eds.). ( 1989). The Costa Rica Reader. New York: Grove Weidenfeld.

Fuentes J. Alberto. ( 1991). "Ajuste e Inversion: La Luz al Final del Tunel?." Banco de Guatemala, 3, no. 11: p. 36.

Lipner Kenneth. ( 1992). [comments about travel to Central America during interview with authors at Florida International University, FL]. June 11, 1992.

Marcella Gabriel. ( 1990). "The Latin American Military, Low Intensity Conflict, and Democracy." Journal of Interamerican Studies and World Affairs, 32, no . 1. (Spring).

Moncarz Raul, and Kenneth Lipner. ( 1986). "El Papeldel Sector Publico en la Economia Centroamericana." Empresa Publica, 1, no. 2 (August).

Pollin Robert, and Alexander Cockburn. ( 1991). "The World, the Free Market, and the Left." The Nation, February 24.


Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
Loading One moment ...
Project items
Cite this page

Cited page

Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Trade, Industrialization, and Integration in Twentieth-Century Central America
Table of contents

Table of contents



Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

While we understand printed pages are helpful to our users, this limitation is necessary to help protect our publishers' copyrighted material and prevent its unlawful distribution. We are sorry for any inconvenience.
Full screen
/ 294

matching results for page

Cited passage

Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.

Are you sure you want to delete this highlight?