Social Learning: Psychological and Biological Perspectives

By Thomas R. Zentall; Bennett G. Galef Jr. | Go to book overview
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suggest that the strength of visually mediated food avoidance learning may depend on the number of available discriminative cues. Ecologically, such findings are consistent with the observation that the use of multiple aposematic cues may confer greater protection from predators than the use of simple cues, such as color, alone.


REFERENCES

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Avery M. L. ( 1985). "Application of mimicry theory to bird damage control". Journal Wildlife Management, 49, 1116-1121.

Barker L. M. ( 1976). "CS duration, amount and concentration effects in conditioning taste aversions". Learning Motivation, 7, 265-273.

Brower L. P. ( 1960). "Experimental studies of mimicry. Part IV. The reactions of starlings to different proportions of models and mimics". American Naturalist, 44, 271- 281.

Brower L. P., Cook L. M., & Croze H. J. ( 1967). "Predator responses to artificial Batesian mimics released in a neotropical environment". Evolution, 21, 11-23.

Cott H. B. ( 1940). Adaptive coloration in animals. London: Methuen.

Czaplicki J. A., Borrebach D. E., & Wilcoxin H. C. ( 1976). "Stimulus generalization of an illness-induced aversion to different intensities of colored water in Japanese Quail". Animal Learning Behavior, 4, 45-48.

Davies N. B. ( 1976). "Food, flocking and territorial behavior of the Pled Wagtail (Motacilla alba yarelli)". Journal of Animal Ecology, 45, 235-253.

Duncan C. L., & Shepherd P. M. ( 1965). "Sensory discrimination and its role in the evolution of Bacesian mimicry". Behaviour, 24, 270-282.

Fink L. S., & Brower L. P. ( 1981). "Birds can overcome the cardenolide defense of monarch butterflies in Mexico". Nature, 291, 67-70.

Greig-Smith P. W., & Rowney C. M. (in press). "Effects of colour on the aversions of starlings and house sparrows to five chemical repellents". Crop Protection.

Guilford T. ( 1986). "How do warning colors work? Conspicuousness may reduce recognition errors in experienced predators". Animal Behavior, 34, 286-287.

Mason R., Adams M. A., & Clark L. ( 1987). The repellency of anthranilate derivatives to starlings (Sturnus vulgaris): Chemical correlates and sensory mediation. Manuscript submitted for publication.

Mason J. R., Arzt A. H., & Reidinger R. F. ( 1984a). "Comparative assessment of food preferences and aversions acquired by observational learning". Auk, 101, 796-803.

Mason J. R., Arzt A. H., & Reidinger R. F. ( 1984b). "Evaluation of dimethyl anthranilate as a non-toxic bird repellent for feedlot settings". In J. Caslick (Ed.), Proceedings of the First Eastern Animal Damage Control Conference (pp. 259-263). Ithica, NY: Cornell University Press.

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