Social Learning: Psychological and Biological Perspectives

By Thomas R. Zentall; Bennett G. Galef Jr. | Go to book overview

locations failed to subsequently imitate a circling response emitted occasionally by one of the pair-mates during the intertrial interval. Of course, it is possible that evidence for copying might have emerged if a more sensitive index of learning were used, or if the demonstrator's response involved a simpler topography and was exhibited at a high rate, and so forth. Thus a strong negative conclusion regarding the response-copying ability of the pigeon may be premature. However, the bulk of published evidence to date seems to suggest that the pigeons' observational learning capacity might be limited to learning Pavlovian stimulus contingencies.


REFERENCES

Biederman G. B., Robertson A., & Vanayan M. ( 1986). "Observational learning of two visual discriminations by pigeons: A within-subjects design". Journal of the Experimental Aozalysif of Behavior, 46, 45-49.

Brown P. L., & Jenkins H. M. ( 1968). "Autoshaping of the pigeon's key-peck". Journal of the Experimental Analyril of Behavior, 11, 1-8.

Browne M. P. ( 1976). "The role of primary reinforcement and overt movements in autoshaping in the pigeon". Animal Learning & Behavior, 4, 287-292.

Bullock D., & Neuringer A. ( 1977). "Social learning by following: An analysis". Journal of the Experimental Analyjir of Behavior, 25, 127-135.

Chesier P. ( 1969). "Maternal influence in learning by observation in kittens". Science, 166, 901-903.

Church R. M. ( 1957). "Transmission of learned behavior between rats". Journal of Abnormal and Social Prychology, 54, 163-165.

Cronhelm E. ( 1970). "Perceptual factors and observational learning in the behavioural development of young chicks": In J. H. Crook (Ed.), Social behavior in birds and mammals: Essays on the social ethology of animals and man (pp. 393-439). New York: Academic Press.

Davis J. M. ( 1973). "Imitation: A review and critique". In P. P. G. Baceson & P. H. Klopfer (Eds.), Perspectitw in ethology (pp. 43-72). New York: Plenum.

Dawson B. V., & Foss B. M. ( 1965). "Observational learning in Budgerigars". Animal Behavior, 13, 470-474.

Denny M. R., Bell R. C., & Clos C. ( 1983). "Two choice, observational learning and reversal in the rat: S-S versus S-R effects". Animal Learning & Behavior, 11, 223- 228.

Edwards C. A., Hogan D. E., & Zentall T. R. ( 1980). "Imitation of an appetitive discrimination by pigeons". Bird Behaviomr, 2, 87-92.

Epstein R. ( 1984). "Spontaneous and deferred imitation by pigeons". Behavioural Processes, 9, 347-354.

Galef B. G. Jr., & Clark M. M. ( 1971). "Social factors in the poison avoidance and feeding behavior of wild and domestic rat pups". Journal of Comparatitv and Physiological Psychology, 75, 341-362.

Gardner E. L., & Engel D. R. ( 1971). "Imicational and social facilitatory aspects of observational learning in the laboratory rat". Psychonomic Science 25, 5-6.

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