Judgment and Decision Making: Neo-Brunswikian and Process-Tracing Approaches

By Peter Juslin; Henry Montgomery | Go to book overview

Chapter 14
(Dis)Agreement in Peer Review

Sven Hemlin Göteborg University

This chapter is concerned with the cognitive and social psychological aspects of the peer review process in science. More specifically, it focuses on judgments and decisions made by individuals in groups that result in disagreements about a scientific matter. The analysis encompasses various kinds of peer review conflicts, whether about a manuscript, a grant proposal, a university department's research, or something else. This research is completed by reviewing relevant literature on peer reviews, group conflicts, group decisions and scientific controversies; and analyzing a peer conflict on a Ph.D. examination committee. The chapter results in a framework for studies of peer review disagreements.

Peer disagreement is a common phenomenon in science. To some it is the gist of scientific development, or at least a fruitful event ( Fuller, 1996; Hackett, 1992; Harnad, 1985; Nowotny [cited in Mendelsohn, 1987]; Popper, 1972). To others a dispute among peers is seen as a weakness in the scientific community ( Cicchetti, 1991; Cole, Cole, & Simon, 1981; Merton [cited in Mendelsohn, 1987]). This ambiguity has been discussed mainly by sociologists and philosophers. Two main reasons for disputes can be found in the literature. Disagreements can arise because scientists hold opposing but rational beliefs (in the sense used by Giere, 1987, for example) about two theories or findings in science. Both theories and findings may be supported by empirical evidence. On the other hand, disagreements can also have their roots in less rational causes. Such causes may influence a decision to support one kind of research before another.

-275-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Judgment and Decision Making: Neo-Brunswikian and Process-Tracing Approaches
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen
/ 346

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.