always involves artificial restraints on the primitive Adam of natural spontaneity. But spontaneity without order means disintegration and death. The demands of life therefore are certain to compel the romantic rebels to set up rules of their own if they ever succeed in overthrowing the classical tyrants. The new rules may turn out to be better than the old ones. But human inertia, or, if you like, the aversion for death and destruction, will always challenge the rebels to show that they have something better to offer than the poor rules which happen to exist. That challenge should be gladly met, even though to do this requires more sustained labor than that involved in mere criticism or in the wholesale rejection of the old.
THE INDUSTRIAL DISCIPLINE AND THE GOVERNMENTAL ARTS
IN HIS PREVIOUS WRITINGS Professor Tugwell showed himself to be of the younger school of economists who, under the influence of recent pragmatic philosophy, view their field less as a department of pure or theoretic science than as a way of guiding practical life by bringing the light of intelligence to bear upon it. Insisting on the experimental and inductive study of the facts--especially American facts--he favored the ethical emphasis in economics but without any critical examination of the ultimate ends or justification of economic activities. Theories such as Professor Hamilton's concerning wages were____________________