History of the Labor Movement in the United States - Vol. 4

By Philip S. Foner | Go to book overview

CHAPTER 24
On the Eve of America's Entrance into World War I

The United States was already at war with Germany for a month when the verdict in the Tracy case was handed down. Thus we have come to the end of our study of the I.W.W. from its inception to America's entrance into World War I. (We will, of course, meet the organization in subsequent volumes.) Before taking leave of the Wobblies, let us have a look at the I.W.W. as the nation entered the war.


STATUS OF I.W.W.

On the eve of the war, the bulk of the I.W.W.'s membership and the main centers of its activities were West of Chicago. At this time, the I.W.W. was a flourishing organization and a power in the harvest fields and was becoming one in the lumber industry of the Northwest. It was also beginning to make headway among the construction workers, the metal miners, and the workers in the oil fields of the Southwest.1* In the East and Midwest, however, the picture was far different. The I.W.W.'s only center of strength here was among the waterfront workers of Philadelphia. In 1916, the Marine Transport Workers No. 8 had raised their wages from $1.25 to $4 a day, time-and-a-half for overtime and double time for Sundays. (The scale for longshoremen in February 1917 was 40 cents an hour for straight time, for men working on oil 50 cents an hour, and on powder 60 cents an hour.) Not only did the union, with its 4,000 members in and around the Philadelphia docks, unite Negroes, whites, Spanish and other workers of different nationalities, but it assisted

____________________
*
In the fall of 1916 the I.W.W. initiated a vigorous campaign to organize Arizona's four metal-producing districts, which supplied 28 per cent of the nation's copper. The fruits of the campaign did not come, however, until June and July, 1917.

On March 6, 1916, the I.W.W. chartered the Construction Workers Industrial Union No. 573. It had originally been organized by the A.W.O.

-549-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
History of the Labor Movement in the United States - Vol. 4
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen
/ 612

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.