New Immigrant Literatures in the United States: A Sourcebook to Our Multicultural Literary Heritage

By Alpana Sharma Knippling | Go to book overview

the beatniks. He has published in both languages and is the editor of the Aegean Review, a periodical publication devoted to Greek and Greek-American issues. Chouliaras (b. 1951) writes a minimalist poetry drawing on a post-modern aesthetics. Nikos Spanias ( 1924- 1991) perceived himself as a poete maudit. He explored the darker and seamier side of New York in poems that occasionally remind one of Lorca collection A Poet in New York. Theodosis Athas ( 1936- 1973) was one of the most promising poets writing in Greek. He began with traditional poetic forms and themes to move by the end of his short life to more experimental ones. Influenced originally by the Greek folk song, he made a transition to more startling forms under the influence of the blues.


CONCLUSION

What remains controversial among Greek scholars today is whether writers such as Nikolas Calas and Nanos Valaoritis or Andonis Decavalles can be called Greek-American, since they had already formed their aesthetic sensibilities by the time they arrived in the United States. Moreover, Calas and Decavalles wrote only in Greek and published their poems in Athens. Thus they remain inaccessible to an English-language public and instead seem to belong to the Greek literary canon. The questions facing the American critic are inaccessibility of language and also the radical alterity of the themes and stories, since most of the English-language authors write about Greece and make little or no references to the United States or to immigration. The task that lies ahead, then, is not only to define the canon of this literature but also to find ways to talk about it without compromising its difference or integrating it within the canon of either American or Greek literature. The task is also to move beyond the easy paradigms that American critics have extrapolated from a limited number of texts or literatures such as the Jewish or the Italian-American. One should not deny the interface among different ethnic/immigrant literatures, yet the study of "smaller" literatures might offer interesting insights that overturn the critics' long-standing assumptions. Indeed, the "deviant" literary production of a certain group might reveal, in the end, the critics' own deviant critical/theoretical angle. But more significantly, the study of how a certain group crosses the ethnic boundaries in literature might offer paradigms of less deviant sociopolitical behavior than the ones we encounter in "real" life today.


SELECTED PRIMARY BIBLIOGRAPHY

Athas Theodosis. "Poems." Resistance, Exile, Love: An Anthology of Post-War Greek Poetry. Trans. and ed. Nikos Spanias. New York: Pella, 1977. 32-41.

-----. "10 Poiemata." Argonaut. Ed. Elias Ziogas. New York, 1962. 187-193.

-----. Tragoudia ton Kairo tou Sigan. New York: Ivikos, 1969.

Bita Lili. Blood Sketches. Trans. Robert Zaller. Miami: Guevara Press, 1973.

-----. Erotes: Five Love Poems. Trans. Robert Zaller. Miami: Guevara Press, 1969.

-259-

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New Immigrant Literatures in the United States: A Sourcebook to Our Multicultural Literary Heritage
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Copyright Acknowledgments v
  • Contents vii
  • Preface xi
  • Introduction xiii
  • Works Cited xix
  • I - Asian-American Literatures 1
  • 1 - Arab-American Literature 3
  • Conclusion 15
  • Notes 15
  • Selected Primary Bibliography 16
  • Selected Secondary Bibliography 17
  • 2 - Armenian-American Literature Khachig Tololyan 19
  • Conclusion 37
  • Notes 39
  • Selected Primary Bibliography 40
  • Selected Secondary Bibliography 41
  • 3 - Chinese-American Literature 43
  • Introduction 43
  • Notes 62
  • Selected Primary Bibliography 62
  • Selected Secondary Bibliography 63
  • 4 - Filipino American Literature Nerissa Balce-Cortes and Jean Vengua Gier 67
  • Conclusion 84
  • Selected Primary Bibliography 86
  • Selected Secondary Bibliography 87
  • 5 - Indian-American Literature 91
  • Selected Primary Bibliography 105
  • Selected Secondary Bibliography 107
  • 6 - Iranian-American Literature Nasrin Rahimieh 109
  • Selected Primary Bibliography 122
  • Selected Secondary Bibliography 123
  • 7 - Japanese-American Literature Benzi Zhang 125
  • Selected Primary Bibliography 140
  • Selected Secondary Bibliography 141
  • 8 - Korean-American Literature 143
  • Conclusion 151
  • Selected Primary Bibliography 152
  • Selected Secondary Bibliography 154
  • 9 - Pakistani-American Literature Sunil Sharma 159
  • Selected Primary Bibliography 164
  • Selected Secondary Bibliography 167
  • II - Caribbean-American Literatures 169
  • 10 - Anglophone Caribbean-American Literature 171
  • 11 - Cuban-American Literature 187
  • Conclusion 203
  • Selected Primary Bibliography 204
  • Selected Secondary Bibliography 205
  • 12 - Dominican-American Literature 207
  • Selected Primary Bibliography 216
  • Selected Secondary Bibliography 218
  • 13 - Puerto Rican-American Literature Carrie Tirado Bramen 221
  • Conclusion 234
  • Selected Primary Bibliography 234
  • Selected Secondary Bibliography 237
  • III - European-American Literatures 241
  • 14 - Finnish-American Literature 243
  • Selected Primary Bibliography 251
  • 15 - Greek-American Literature 253
  • Conclusion 259
  • Selected Primary Bibliography 259
  • Selected Secondary Bibliography 261
  • 16 - Irish-American Literature 265
  • Selected Primary Bibliography 276
  • Selected Secondary Bibliography 279
  • 17 - Italian/American Literature 281
  • Conclusion 287
  • Notes 290
  • Selected Primary Bibliography 291
  • Selected Secondary Bibliography 292
  • 18 - Jewish-American Literature 295
  • Selected Primary Bibliography 305
  • Selected Secondary Bibliography 307
  • 19 - Sephardic Jewish-American Literature 309
  • Introduction 309
  • Conclusion 313
  • Selected Primary Bibliography 314
  • Selected Secondary Bibliography 316
  • 20 - Polish-American Literature 319
  • Selected Primary Bibliography 326
  • Selected Secondary Bibliography 327
  • 21 - Slovak-American and Czech-American Literature 329
  • Selected Primary Bibliography 337
  • Selected Secondary Bibliography 338
  • IV Mexican-American Literatures 339
  • 22 - Mexican-American Literature Ada Savin 341
  • Conclusion 357
  • Notes 359
  • Selected Primary Bibliography 360
  • Selected Secondary Bibliography 362
  • Selected Bibliography 367
  • Index 371
  • About the Contributors 383
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