Design and Analysis of Single-Case Research

By Ronald D. Franklin; David B. Allison et al. | Go to book overview

better understanding of the issues involved in meta-analyzing single- case designs, we anticipate the development of more sophisticated software programs to facilitate the hands-on labor of data extraction and analysis.


SUMMARY

Single-case designs historically have played a prominent role in the evaluation of clinical trials and will continue to do so ( Wachter & Straf, 1990). Unfortunately, single-case data have been excluded from most quantitative literature reviews due to insufficient meta-analytic techniques. However, as this chapter illustrates, methods are under development and being implemented. Although there is no gold standard to date and several data analytic issues remain unresolved, meta-analysts can be encouraged by these developments and need no longer think it necessary to disregard single-case studies from quantitative literature reviews.


REFERENCES

Allison D. B. ( 1992). "When cyclicity is a concern: A caveat regarding phase change criteria in single-case designs". Comprehensive Mental Health Care, 2, 131-149.

Allison D. B., Faith M. S., & Franklin R. ( 1995). "Antecedent exercise in the treatment of disruptive behavior: A review and meta-analysis". Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 2, 279-303.

Allison D. B., & Gorman B. S. ( 1993). "Calculating effect sizes for meta-analysis: The case of the single case". Behavior, Research, and Therapy, 31, 621-631.

Allison D. B., & Gorman B. S. ( 1994). "Make things as simple as possible, but no simpler." A rejoinder to Scruggs and Mastropieri. Behavior, Research, and Therapy, 32, 885-890.

Andrews G., Guitar B., & Howie P. ( 1980). "Meta-analysis of the effects of stuttering treatment". Journal of Speech and Hearing Disorder, 45, 287-307.

Barlow D. H., & Hersen M. ( 1988). Single case experimental designs. New York: Pergamon.

Busk P. L., & Marascuilo L. A. ( 1988). "Autocorrelation in single-subject research: A counterargument to the myth of no autocorrelation". Behavioral Assessment, 10, 22-242.

Busk P. L., & Serlin R. C. ( 1992). "Meta-analysis for single-case research". In T. R. Kratochwill & J. R. Levin (Eds.), Single-case research design and analysis: New directions for psychology and education (pp. 187-212). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Center B. A., Skiba R. J., & Casey A. ( 1985- 1986). "A methodology for the quantitative synthesis of intra-subject design research". Journal of Special Education, 19, 387-400.

Chalmers T. C., & Lau J. ( 1993). "Meta-analytic stimulus for changes in clinical trials". Statistical Methods in Medical Research, 2, 161-172.

Chalmers T. C., Smith H. Jr.,, Blackburn B., Silverman B., Schroeder B., Reitman D., & Ambroz A. ( 1981). "A method for assessing the quality of a randomized trial". Con trolled Clinical Trials, 2, 31-49.

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Design and Analysis of Single-Case Research
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Preface vii
  • References x
  • Contributors xiii
  • List of Equations xix
  • 1: Introduction 1
  • Introduction 1
  • References 10
  • 2: Historical and Philosophical Foundations of Single-Case Research 13
  • References 39
  • 3: Measurement of Dependent Variables 41
  • References 84
  • APPENDIX: CONSTRUCTING CONFIDENCE INTERVALS FOR ICCS (FROM SHROUT & FLEISS, 1979) 90
  • 4: Treatment Integrity in Single-Subject Research 93
  • 5: Graphical Display and Visual Analysis1 119
  • Introduction 119
  • References 154
  • 6: Statistical Alternatives for Single-Case Designs 159
  • References 208
  • 7: Serial Dependency in Single-Case Time Series 215
  • Introduction 215
  • References 242
  • 8: Meta-Analysis of Single-Case Research 245
  • Introduction 245
  • SUMMARY 273
  • References 273
  • 9: The Potentially Confounding Effects of Cyclicity: Identification, Prevention, and Control 279
  • References 328
  • Appendix 334
  • 10: Power, Sample Size Estimation, and Early Stopping Rules 335
  • Introduction 335
  • SUMMARY 367
  • References 368
  • Author Index 373
  • Subject Index 383
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