China in Transition: Communism, Capitalism, and Democracy

By Ronald M. Glassman | Go to book overview
Save to active project

Chapter 7
The Dismantling of the Communist Party State and the Establishment of the Legal Parliamentary State


Just a few short years ago, it would have been unthinkable to envision the dismantling of the communist party state and the establishment of a multiparty democratic state in its place in Eastern Europe, Russia, and China. In fact, American conservative theorists believed that the communist party states were so entrenched, that once established, there never could be a transition to democracy. 1 On the basis of this perspective, the conservative theorists believed that it was better for the United States to back right-wing military and protofascist regimes than communist regimes, because the right-wing regimes were likely to collapse, in the shorter run, and yield to more democratic regimes.

It certainly did look like the conservatives were correct in their assessment of the situation all the way through the Brezhnev years. However, the rebellions in Hungary and Czechoslovakia should have served as a clue that there was a possibility of the disintegration of communist regimes, at least within nations that had not chosen them from within. However, it is the transition in Russia (and possibly China) that really has stunned the world. Not even the most liberal of theorists expected a change in Russia so soon, and with such dramatic thrust. Even the "convergence" theorists, who predicted the long-term evolution of the Soviet Union in a democratic socialist direction, were stunned by the sudden rejection of the communist system in Russia, and by the wholesale acceptance of capitalism. 2 Neither radical nor conservative theorists predicted the acceptance of capitalism, or the possibility for the peaceful evolution to democracy.

Thus, to all theorists in the political spectrum, the impossible is actually occurring. In fact, in Eastern Europe, especially in Hungary and Czechoslovakia, a model for a multiparty electoral process has already emerged. The Hungarian


Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
Loading One moment ...
Project items
Cite this page

Cited page

Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
China in Transition: Communism, Capitalism, and Democracy


Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

While we understand printed pages are helpful to our users, this limitation is necessary to help protect our publishers' copyrighted material and prevent its unlawful distribution. We are sorry for any inconvenience.
Full screen
/ 296

matching results for page

Cited passage

Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.

Are you sure you want to delete this highlight?