|2. Risk Avoidance: Assesses tendencies to engage in high-risk, dangerous, and thrill- seeking behavior.|
|3. Stress Tolerance: Measures an individual's ongoing experience with stress and the ability to cope with it. Highly stressed individuals tend to have more accidents.|
|4. Driver Attitudes: A supplemental scale that assesses an individual's attitudes toward safe driving behavior.|
|5. Validity/Distortion: Indicates the extent to which an individual responds to the ESI in a socially desirable manner. Low scores indicate a tendency to exaggerate positive traits and minimize negative qualities.|
The Composite Safety Index summarizes the results of each individual score to help evaluate the overall safety attitudes of an employee or applicant. Companies base all hiring, placement, and training decisions on the ESI composite Index.
A partial listing of ESI validity studies is provided in Table 14.2. Useful levels of validity were found across a wide variety of studies. Since the ESI is a relatively new personnel selection system, local validation studies are recommended. The ESI can be used by companies interested in hiring a safety-conscious work force.
This chapter has described two personnel selection systems that can be used to identify job applicants at highest risk for costly on-the-job accidents. High- accident-risk applicants could receive additional safety training or be selectively placed into safer jobs. Additional research on the contributions of personnel selection to industrial accident prevention is warranted.
Behrens G. M., Slora K. B., & Jones J. W. ( 1988). "Construct validity of a standardized measure of risk avoidance". Technical Report ESI-S004. Park Ridge, IL: London House.
Boye M. W., Slora K. B., & Jones J. W. ( 1989). "Reliability of the Employee Safety Inventory". Technical Report ESI-S007. Park Ridge, IL: London House.
Jones J. W., Britton C. F., & Slora K. B. ( 1988). "The relationship of the Employee Safety Inventory to drug and alcohol use". Technical Report ESI-S002. Park Ridge, IL: London House.
Jones J. W., & Slora K. B. ( 1988). "Predictive validation study of the Safety Control scale". Technical Report ESI-S00I. Park Ridge, IL: London House.
Jones J. W., Slora K. B., & Boye M. W. ( 1989). "Relationship of Employee Safety Inventory scores to urinalysis results: A clinical case study". Technical Report ESI- S008. Park Ridge, IL: London House.