Blocker Jack S., Jr. "Give to the Winds Thy Fears": The Women's Temperance Crusade, 1873-1874. Westport, Conn., 1985.
-----. American Temperance Movements: Cycles of Reform. Boston, 1989.
Bordin Ruth. Woman and Temperance: The Quest for Power and Liberty, 1873-1900. Philadelphia, 1981.
-----. Frances Willard: A Biography. Chapel Hill, N.C., 1986.
Clark Norman H. Deliver Us from Evil: An Interpretation of American Prohibition. New York, 1976.
Dannenbaum Jed. Drink and Disorder: Temperance Reform in Cincinnati from the Washingtonian Revival to the WCTU. Urbana, Ill., 1984.
Earhart Mary. Frances Willard: From Prayers to Politics. Chicago, 1944.
Epstein Barbara Leslie. The Politics of Domesticity: Women, Evangelism, and Temperance in Nineteenth-Century America. Middletown, Conn., 1981.
Gordon Anna. The Beautiful Life of Frances Willard. Chicago, 1898.
Gusfield Joseph. "Social Structure and Moral Reform: A Study of the Woman's Christian Temperance Union." American Journal of Sociology 61 ( November 1955): 221-232.
-----. Symbolic Crusade: Status Politics and the American Temperance Movement. Urbana, Ill., 1963.
Lee Susan Dye. "Evangelical Domesticity: The Origins of the WCTU Under Frances Willard." Ph.D. diss., Northwestern University, 1980.
Mezvinzky Norton. "The White Ribbon Reform, 1874-1920." Ph.D. diss., University of Wisconsin, 1959.
Rorabaugh William J. The Alcoholic Republic: An American Tradition. New York, 1979.
Strachey Ray. Frances Willard: Her Life and Work. London, 1913.
Tyrrell Ian. Sobering Up: From Temperance to Prohibition in Antebellum America, 1800-1860. Westport, Conn., 1979.
-----. Woman's World/Woman's Empire: The Woman's Christian Temperance Union in International Perspective. Chapel Hill, N.C., 1991.
Willard Frances. Woman and Temperance or, The Work and Workers of the Woman's Christian Temperance Union. 1883; repr. New York, 1972.
-----. Glimpses of Fifty Years: The Autobiography of an American Woman. 1889; repr. New York, 1970.