Bridging the Gap between Rich and Poor: American Economic Development Policy toward the Arab East, 1942-1949

By Nathan Godfried | Go to book overview
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NOTES
1.
Fauzi M. Najjar, "Nationalism and Socialism," in Abdeen Jabara and Janice Terry, eds., The Arab World: From Nationalism to Revolution ( Wilmette, Ill.: The Medina University Press International, 1971), pp. 3-5; Jean-Paul Charnay , Islamic Culture and Socio-Economic Change ( Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1971), p. 13; Albert Hourani, Arabic Thought in the Liberal Age, 1789-1939 ( London: Oxford University Press, 1962), pp. 339-40; Z. Y. Hershlag, Introduction to the Modern Economic History of the Middle East ( Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1964), p. 230.
2.
Najjar, "Nationalism and Socialism," p. 4; Abdallah Laroui , The Crisis of the Arab Intellectual: Traditionalism or Historicism? ( Berkeley: University of California Press, 1976), pp. 42-43; M. Hamidullah, "Islam's Solution of the Basic Economic Problems," Islamic Culture 10 ( April 1936): 214-17, 222, 227, 230-33; S. A. Maudoodi, Economic Problems of Man and Its Islamic Solution ( Lahore: 1955), pp. vii- viii, 440-41, 14-17, 26-29, 66-69; Khalifa Abdul Hakim, Islam and Communism ( Lahore: Institute of Islamic Culture, 1962), pp. 199-205.
3.
Najjar, "Nationalism and Socialism," p. 4; Laroui, The Crisis, pp. vii, 116, 159-165; Bryan Turner, Marx and the End of Orientalism ( London: George Allen & Unwin, 1978), pp. 75-78; Ishak Musa Husaini, The Moslem Brethren: The Greatest of Modern Islamic Movements ( Beirut: Khayat's College Book Cooperative, 1956); James P. Jankowski Egypt's Young Rebels- -"Young Egypt": 1933-1952 ( Stanford, Calif.: Hoover Institution Press, 1975); Kamel S. Abu Jaber, The Arab Ba'th Socialist Party: History, Ideology, and Organization ( Syracuse, N.Y.: Syracuse Unversity Press, 1966).
4.
Department of State (hereafter DOS), Biographical Register of the Department of State, 1945 ( Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office) and Current Birography, 1945 ( New York: H. W. Wilson, 1946), pp. 323-25; Harold MacMillan , War Diaries: Politics and War in the Mediterranean, January 1943-May 1945 ( New York: St. Martin's Press, 1984), p. 683. A quantitative analysis of the Foreign Service is Nathan Godfried, "A Profile of the United States Foreign Service, 1910-1940: Professionalization Without Democratization," M.A. Thesis, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1975.
5.
Alexander Kirk to Secretary, 29 January 1942, DOS 883.50/35, RG 59, U.S. National Archives, Washington, D.C.; James Landis to F. Winant, 25 September 1943, DOS 883.61A/15, RG 59; Phillip Baram, The Department of State in the Middle East, 1919-1945 ( Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1978), p. 190; A. Kirk to Harry Hopkins, 15 January 1944, enclosed is R. Mikesell "Report on the Desirability of Establishing an American Bank in Egypt," Egypt folder, Special Assistant to President, 1941-45, Group 24, Harry Hopkins Papers, FDR Library, Hyde Park, N.Y.

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