The prospects are reasonable that Haiti will reestablish and even extend its external aid links, a process begun in 1990. The United States in 1989 agreed to
provide $10 million in food aid, and in 1991 other significant aid programs resumed. Canada and France have been doubtful about the use of bilateral aid as
sanctions. The EC supported the entry of the Dominican Republic and Haiti to
the Lomé Convention. This membership could mean aid to stabilize fluctuating
coffee export prices and European Development Fund support for Haitian projects. It also provides duty-free access for most Haitian exports to the European
Community (EC), including coffee. There is also the prospect of Haiti becoming
an associate or full member of the Caribbean Community with access to Caribbean Development Bank loans. Most private voluntary organizations working in Haiti are committed to staying and are capable of soliciting additional external
support. Organizations that survived the Duvalier years and the post-Duvalier
chaos are well positioned to solicit additional external support.
Contrary to widely held views, external aid and overseas markets are not the
major constraints on the Haitian economy. Haiti has preferential access to both
the EC and the U.S. markets. It attracts substantial concessional aid from a wide
range of bilateral and multilateral donors. Its poverty is not caused by international dependency but by internal greed and avarice.
These and following data are from World Bank, "Economic Recovery in Haiti:
Performance, Issues, and Prospects," Washington, DC, 23 December 1988, and World Bank
, "World Development Report 1990," Washington, DC, 1990.
Georges Anglade, L'espace haitien ( Montreal: Editions des Alizés, 1981), pp. 88-111.
Christian A. Girault, Le commerce du café en Haiti: Habitants spéculateurs, et exportateurs ( Paris: Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, 1981), p. 95.
Georges Anglade, Espace et liberté en Hatti ( Montreal: ERCE and CRC, 1982),
Aaron Segal, "Caribbean Complexities," Current History ( December 1988), pp. 413-16. See also William E. Kentor, "The Tragedy of Haiti's Pigs," The Times of the
Americas, 21 February 1990, p. 23.
Bernard Diderich has also written about the eradication of Haitian pigs in
Caribbean Review and other publications.
Felix Morisseau-Leroy, Ricolte (
Port-au-Prince: Les Editions Haïtiennes, 1946).
Anglade, Lespace Hallien, pp. 17-18. Also,
Maurice de Young, Man and Land
in the Haitian Economy ( Gainesville: University of Florida Press, 1958), pp. 47-49.
Paul Moral, Le paysan haïtien ( 196 1, reprinted, Port-au-Prince: Fardin, 1978) pp. 189-208.
Girault, Le commerce du café, p. 92. We depend here on this comprehensive study.
Ibid., p. 155, citing Gérard Pierre-Charles.
Questia, a part of Gale, Cengage Learning. www.questia.com
Book title: Haiti:The Failure of Politics.
Contributors: Brian Weinstein - Author, Aaron Segal - Author.
Place of publication: Westport, CT.
Publication year: 1992.
Page number: 101.
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