Lives in Education: A Narrative of People and Ideas

By L. Glenn Smith; Joan K. Smith | Go to book overview

CHAPTER TWO
THE ROMANCE

If Greek culture is notable for its intellectual and ethical sophistication, then Roman civilization is best characterized by its intense patriotism. While some historians find the provincial zeal of the Romans refreshing after the degeneracy of the Greeks, others describe the Romans as morally rigid, rural barbarians--slaves to the state--compared to the emancipated, enfranchised Greeks. 1

For our purposes, we will drop in on Roman society about the time of Sappho ( sixth century B.C.). We find a small, religious, landed aristocracy who worked the land themselves. The Latin language reveals just how agrarian the society was. Deriving their alphabet from the Etruscans, an Asian people who tried to rule and urbanize the Roman tribes, the Romans took many words from the soft. For example, laetus (joy) described well- manured ground; felix (happiness) referred to fertile soil; sincerus (truthfulness or sincerity) was pure honey without beeswax; and frux (fruitfulness) was profit. The grand Roman villas had their origins in rudimentary farmhouses: The kitchen gardens behind the old one-room houses were partially enclosed to include a dining room and separate peristyle (kitchen). The one-room hut became the den, office, and library. After enclosure, the farmyard became a receiving atrium (living room), and a vestibule (hallway) leading to the atrium completed the arrangement.


LEARNING IN THE EARLY REPUBLIC

A child born into one of the aristocratic clans learned the importance of the family unit as the backbone of society. The pater (father) held sovereign authority in all family matters. The mother, a well-respected family mem

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Lives in Education: A Narrative of People and Ideas
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Preface vii
  • Notes x
  • Contents xi
  • Introduction 1
  • Chapter One - The Greeks 5
  • Notes 31
  • Chapter Two - The Romance 33
  • Notes 55
  • Chapter Three - The Monastics 57
  • Notes 91
  • Chapter Four - The Humanists 94
  • Notes 121
  • Chapter Five - The Reformers 123
  • Notes 148
  • Chapter Six - The New Educators 151
  • Notes 196
  • Chapter Seven - The Americans 198
  • Notes 235
  • Chapter Eight - The Friends of Education 239
  • Chapter Nine - The Progressives 273
  • Notes 310
  • Chapter Ten - The Outsiders 312
  • Notes 351
  • Chapter Eleven - The Critics 355
  • Notes 407
  • Chapter Twelve - The Paradigm Shifters 412
  • Notes 439
  • Epilogue 443
  • Notes 445
  • Contributors 447
  • Index 449
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