Depression and Aggression in Family Interaction

By Gerald R. Patterson | Go to book overview

2
Developmental Epidemiological Framework for Family Research on Depression and Aggression

Sheppard G. Kellam, M.D. Johns Hopkins University

Recent advances in family research have caused investigators to realize the need for theoretical and methodological integrations and a wider interdisciplinary perspective. More limited perspectives have produced fairly high levels of precision in measurement and hypothetical models to explain outcomes, but new problems have arisen based on these successes. Current sampling procedures often leave uncertain the populations of individuals or families for whom research findings pertain. In many family studies the sample is not representative of a defined population. Further, the frequency and distribution of family processes that put children and families at increased risk cannot be measured without defining the population under study. Most important, causal models are frequently limited by not defining the population and including in the model relevant aspects of the environmental contexts with which the family and its members must articulate.

Prior family research has frequently been done on volunteer populations or populations drawn from clinics where the families have sought help for problems. Such samples come from unknown total populations and entail selection bias in the sampling, since those families who seek help are likely to be importantly different from families with similar problems who do not seek such help ( Greenley & Mechanic, 1976; Greenley, Mechanic, & Cleary, 1987; Kellam, Branch, Brown, & Russell, 1981). Those who seek help from the church may be quite different from those who seek help from the clinic; many families do not seek help at all. Relying on volunteer subjects has similar problems when they are sought through newspaper or poster advertising; those that respond may not

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Depression and Aggression in Family Interaction
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Preface xi
  • References xiv
  • 1: The Family Research Consortium: At the Crest of a Major Wave? 1
  • 2: Developmental Epidemiological Framework for Family Research on Depression and Aggression 11
  • References 46
  • 3: Methodological Issues in the Study of Family Violence 49
  • Conclusion 70
  • Acknowledgments 71
  • References 72
  • 4: How Marriages Change 75
  • ACKNOWLEDGMENT 99
  • References 100
  • 5: A Contextual Approach to the Problem of Aversive Practices in Families 103
  • Conclusion 123
  • ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS 124
  • References 124
  • 6: Statistical Methods for Analyzing Family Interaction 131
  • Summary 165
  • Acknowledgments 165
  • References 166
  • 7: Family Environments of Depressed and Well Parents and Their Children: Issues of Research Methods 169
  • Conclusion 182
  • Acknowledgments 183
  • References 183
  • 8 - Maternal Depression, Marital Discord, and Children's Behavior: A Developmental Perspective 185
  • Acknowledgments 204
  • References 204
  • 9: Initiation and Maintenance of Process Disrupting Single- Mother Families 209
  • Acknowledgments 242
  • References 243
  • 10: Method Variance in Structural Equation Modeling: Living with "Glop" 247
  • References 276
  • 11: Reflections: A Conceptual Analysis and Synthesis 281
  • References 312
  • Author Index 315
  • Subject Index 325
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