Depression and Aggression in Family Interaction

By Gerald R. Patterson | Go to book overview

4
How Marriages Change

John M. Gottman University of Washington

In this chapter I present a theory about the mechanisms through which marital relationships change over time. The theory explains both the improvement and the deterioration of marriages. I share my own thinking here, for there is no direct guide for the mostly biological and empirical grounds that I employ. My supposition has some implications for the study of depression and aggression through the relationship of negative affect blends and one of the major constructs of the theory, Diffuse Physiological Arousal (DPA). The link here can be made theoretically through the Henry and Stephens ( 1977) model.


OUTLINE OF THE THEORY

Goals

The theory I have constructed is designed to have cross-cultural universality and to pertain to the wide variety of marriages that are found in various cultures. To accomplish such a feat, it is necessary to tap into those processes that are basic to marriage among our species. For this purpose, I have selected as the domains of variables for investigation the interface between social processes (particularly those that have to do with emotion and the regulation of emotion) and physiological processes (particularly those that have to do with the expenditure or storage of energy in the body and the readiness of the body for emergencies). The selection of these domains was really motivated by past research I and others have done on marital interaction in which we have found that emotional processes are able to account for a good portion of the variance in marital satisfaction.

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Depression and Aggression in Family Interaction
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Preface xi
  • References xiv
  • 1: The Family Research Consortium: At the Crest of a Major Wave? 1
  • 2: Developmental Epidemiological Framework for Family Research on Depression and Aggression 11
  • References 46
  • 3: Methodological Issues in the Study of Family Violence 49
  • Conclusion 70
  • Acknowledgments 71
  • References 72
  • 4: How Marriages Change 75
  • ACKNOWLEDGMENT 99
  • References 100
  • 5: A Contextual Approach to the Problem of Aversive Practices in Families 103
  • Conclusion 123
  • ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS 124
  • References 124
  • 6: Statistical Methods for Analyzing Family Interaction 131
  • Summary 165
  • Acknowledgments 165
  • References 166
  • 7: Family Environments of Depressed and Well Parents and Their Children: Issues of Research Methods 169
  • Conclusion 182
  • Acknowledgments 183
  • References 183
  • 8 - Maternal Depression, Marital Discord, and Children's Behavior: A Developmental Perspective 185
  • Acknowledgments 204
  • References 204
  • 9: Initiation and Maintenance of Process Disrupting Single- Mother Families 209
  • Acknowledgments 242
  • References 243
  • 10: Method Variance in Structural Equation Modeling: Living with "Glop" 247
  • References 276
  • 11: Reflections: A Conceptual Analysis and Synthesis 281
  • References 312
  • Author Index 315
  • Subject Index 325
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