Depression and Aggression in Family Interaction

By Gerald R. Patterson | Go to book overview

6
Statistical Methods for Analyzing Family Interaction

William A. Griffin John M. Gottman University of Washington

As evidenced by this volume, investigators are extending their search for factors associated with the etiology and maintenance of depression and aggression beyond the individual, into the realm of interpersonal interaction. Obviously, the hope is that this focus on interpersonal rather than intrapersonal factors will reveal some consistent behavioral parameters that might help explain, and predict the emergence of these dysfunctional behaviors. By taking a social interactional perspective in analyzing aggression, depression, and marital conflict, this text implies that pathological behaviors are generated in the context of ongoing social interaction. Hence it is necessary to collect sequential data.

It is interesting to note that this social-interactional perspective, and its emphasis on sequential ordering, fully blossomed (in the scientific sense) only about 25 years ago with the work of Roger Barker and his colleagues ( 1963), and Harold Raush ( 1965). The analytic roots of this perspective, however, had been established earlier. In the late 1940s Shannon and Weaver ( 1949) introduced the concept that the information transmitted within a channel of communication could be quantified. This idea was immediately brought to the attention of psychologists by Miller and Frick ( 1949), and later by Attneave ( 1959). However, these writers focused on individuals, and not social interaction. Then in 1965, Stuart Altmann, an ethologist, published a classic paper on the stochastics of social communication. In this paper he developed the rationale for, and illustrated the use of, sequential contingencies as a means of gaining information (or reducing uncertainty) about the probable behaviors of social interactants. Although Altmann's paper addressed the communication patterns in rhesus monkeys, its application to any social group, including families, was quickly recognized. By the early 1970s, the concept of, and analysis for, sequential

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Depression and Aggression in Family Interaction
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Preface xi
  • References xiv
  • 1: The Family Research Consortium: At the Crest of a Major Wave? 1
  • 2: Developmental Epidemiological Framework for Family Research on Depression and Aggression 11
  • References 46
  • 3: Methodological Issues in the Study of Family Violence 49
  • Conclusion 70
  • Acknowledgments 71
  • References 72
  • 4: How Marriages Change 75
  • ACKNOWLEDGMENT 99
  • References 100
  • 5: A Contextual Approach to the Problem of Aversive Practices in Families 103
  • Conclusion 123
  • ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS 124
  • References 124
  • 6: Statistical Methods for Analyzing Family Interaction 131
  • Summary 165
  • Acknowledgments 165
  • References 166
  • 7: Family Environments of Depressed and Well Parents and Their Children: Issues of Research Methods 169
  • Conclusion 182
  • Acknowledgments 183
  • References 183
  • 8 - Maternal Depression, Marital Discord, and Children's Behavior: A Developmental Perspective 185
  • Acknowledgments 204
  • References 204
  • 9: Initiation and Maintenance of Process Disrupting Single- Mother Families 209
  • Acknowledgments 242
  • References 243
  • 10: Method Variance in Structural Equation Modeling: Living with "Glop" 247
  • References 276
  • 11: Reflections: A Conceptual Analysis and Synthesis 281
  • References 312
  • Author Index 315
  • Subject Index 325
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