Elitism, Populism, and European Politics

By Jack E. S. Hayward | Go to book overview

NOTES
1.
M. Emerson, D. Gros, A. Italianer, J. Pisani-Ferry, and H. Reichenbach, One Market, One Money ( Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1992), 27.
2.
M. Neumann, "'Central Bank Independence as a Prerequisite of Price Stability'", European Economy, special edition no. 1: The Economics of EMU ( Brussels: Commission of the European Communities, 1991).
3.
For a different interpretation, see J. Forder, 'Central Bank Independence: A Conceptual and Empirical Study', D. Phil. thesis, Oxford University, 1995, on which the following discussion draws extensively.
4.
A detailed account of this episode, with emphasis on the disagreements among German policy-makers, is given by R. Putnam and R. Henning, "'The Bonn Summit of 1978'", in R. Cooper et al., Can Nations Agree? ( Washington: Brookings Institution, 1989).
5.
O. Emminger, The DM in the Conflict between Internal and External Equilibrium 1948-1975, Princeton Essays in International Finance no. 122 ( Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1977).
6.
W. Parsons, The Power of the Financial Press ( London: Elgar, 1989).
7.
F. Kydland and E. Prescott, "'Rules rather than Discretion: The Inconsistency of Optimal Plans'", Journal of Political Economy, 85 ( 1977), 473-90.
8.
H. Machin and V. Wright (eds.), Economic Policy and Policy-making under the Mitterrand Presidency ( London: Pinter, 1985).
9.
The allusion is to the precisely comparable disinflation imposed by the UK government in the mid-1920s to enable the pound sterling 'to look the dollar in the face'.
10.
See W. Buiter, G. Corsetti, and V. Roubini, "'Excessive Deficits: Sense and Nonsense in the Treaty of Maastricht'", Economic Policy, 16 ( 1993), 57- 101.
11.
M. Emerson, M. Aujean, M. Catinat, P. Goybet, and A. Jacquemin, The Economics of 1992 ( Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988).
12.
Emerson et al., One Market, One Money.
14.
Emerson et al., The Economics of 1992.
18.
Emerson et al., One Market, One Money, 98.

-237-

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Elitism, Populism, and European Politics
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Preface v
  • Contents vii
  • List of Tables ix
  • LIST OF CONTRIBUTORS x
  • Introduction Mediocre Élites Elected by Mediocre Peoples 1
  • Note 9
  • 1: The Populist Challenge to Élitist Democracy in Europe 10
  • Notes 30
  • 2 - 'Losing Touch' in a Democracy: Demands Versus Needs 33
  • Notes 60
  • 3: Freedom from the Press 67
  • Notes 86
  • 4: From Representative to Responsive Government? 88
  • Notes 99
  • 5: The European Union, the Political Class, and the People 101
  • Notes 120
  • 6: Political Parties and the Public Accountability of Leaders 121
  • Notes 141
  • 7: Élite-Mass Linkages in Europe: Legitimacy Crisis or Party Crisis? 143
  • Notes 160
  • 8: Organized Interests as Intermediaries 164
  • Notes 186
  • 9: Mediating between the Powerless and the Powerful 190
  • Notes 202
  • 10: Public Demands and Economic Constraints: All Italians Now? 203
  • Notes 219
  • 11: The Fluctuating Rationale of Monetary Union 220
  • 4: Conclusion 235
  • Notes 237
  • 12: Has Government by Committee Lost the Public's Confidence? 238
  • Notes 249
  • Conclusion Has European Unification by Stealth a Future? 252
  • Notes 257
  • Index 259
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