answer gives any of them a reason for thinking her own view is
any more correct than any other.
In the end it is moral disagreement, not moral subjectivity, that
gives rise to our worries about judicial moralizing. And since
realists have almost nothing of interest to say about the resolution
of moral disagreement, they have nothing to offer to allay these
concerns. Their thesis adds nothing to the natural law case
against normative positivism.
© Jeremy Waldron 1992.
Some realists insist that the facts referred to in this formulation must
be 'external' or 'mind-independent'; but this is too strong, since
many realists do not want to deny that there would be no moral facts
if conscious agents like ourselves did not exist, nor do they need to
deny that reference to beliefs is sometimes included in the truth-
conditions of moral propositions (e.g. 'It is wrong to offend someone's deeply held beliefs'). The formulation I have used in the text is
Ralph Walker, The Coherence Theory of Truth ( London: Routledge, 1989), 3.
Of course, this works only for those languages in which a proposition
can be referred to using a term formed by putting quotation marks
before and after the terms normally used to express that proposition.
Notice also that, for a realist, the proposition '"p" is true' is equivalent
to 'p' (the former is true in all and only the cases in which the latter is
true). What distinguishes the disquotationalist is that she thinks the
two propositions are not only equivalent but identical in meaning.
Jules Coleman, "'Negative and Positive Positivism'", in his collection, Markets, Morals and the Law ( Cambridge: Cambridge University
Gerald J. Postema, Bentham and the Common Law ( Oxford: Clarendon
Press, 1986). Jules Coleman has objected that normative positivism
infuses morality into the concept of law, and thus commits 'the very
mistake positivism is so intent on drawing attention to and rectifying' (Coleman, 'Negative and Positive Positivism', 11). Postema
exposes the confusion of this objection clearly: Postema, Bentham, 328-36.
Questia, a part of Gale, Cengage Learning. www.questia.com
Book title: Natural Law Theory:Contemporary Essays.
Contributors: Robert P. George - Editor.
Publisher: Clarendon Press.
Place of publication: Oxford.
Publication year: 1994.
Page number: 184.
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