Historical Dictionary of the French Second Empire, 1852-1870

By William E. Echard | Go to book overview

V

VAILLANT, JEAN BAPTISTE, COMTE ( 1790-1872), marshal of France, minister of war ( 1854-1859), and minister of the imperial household ( 1860- 1870); born at Dijon, 6 October 1790. A graduate of the Ecole Polytechnique and of the Ecole d'Application du Génie, Vaillant campaigned under Napoleon I from 1812 to 1815 and was named to the Legion of Honor in 1813 for his great courage on the battlefield. He later served as an engineer during the Algiers expedition ( 1830) and the siege of Antwerp ( 1833). Colonel from 1833, he directed construction of fortifications in Algeria ( 1834-1838). Subsequently, as general of brigade, he commanded the Ecole Polytechnique from 1838 to 1840. He helped to fortify Paris during the 1840s (directing the work from 1845) and was promoted to lieutenant general. In 1849, as second in command of the French expeditionary force to Rome, he directed the successful siege of the city, winning promotion to grand cross of the Legion of Honor, 12 July 1849.

Vaillant was not interested in politics. He was prepared to serve the existing regime and therefore rallied readily to Louis Napoleon following the coup d'état of December 1851. He was named senator on 26 January 1852 in the initial appointments list, marshal of France on 11 December 1852 (following proclamation of the Empire), and grand marshal of the palace on 1 January 1853. Shortly after, he was awarded the title of comte. On 11 March 1854, Vaillant succeeded Marshal Leroy de Saint-Arnaud as minister of war on the latter's appointment to command French forces in the war against Russia. He held the post for five years, reorganizing the military schools and, in fact, much of the army's structure, and creating several specialized corps. In July 1856 he served briefly as interim minister of public instruction. In 1853 he had been elected to the Académie des Sciences as a membre libre. It was to Vaillant (later a member of the Conseil Privé) that Napoleon III intended to confide the presidency of the Council of Ministers if he had persevered in his intention of going in person to the Crimea early in 1855.

At the beginning of the war against Austria ( 1859), Vaillant organized for the first time the transport of French troops by rail and then surrendered his ministry to Marshal Jacques Louis Randon, partly as a consequence of his failure to prepare the army for the war, partly in order to serve under the emperor's

-676-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Historical Dictionary of the French Second Empire, 1852-1870
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Historical Dictionaries of French History ii
  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Contributors vii
  • Preface ix
  • Abbreviations of Journals in References xv
  • The Dictionary 1
  • A 3
  • B 27
  • C 67
  • D 161
  • E 205
  • F 220
  • G 253
  • H 280
  • I 298
  • J 320
  • K 324
  • L 325
  • M 370
  • N 423
  • O 439
  • P 459
  • Q 531
  • R 534
  • S 585
  • T 643
  • U 673
  • V 676
  • W 700
  • Z 707
  • Chronology of the French Second Empire 711
  • Index 777
  • About the Editor 831
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen
/ 834

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.