The Geyser Basins
MONDAY, JULY 31
I got all my things together this morning, and with the Doctor, Mr. Schönborn, Elliott, Dic, John Raymond, Goodfellow with the odometer, and José as guide, started for the head waters of the Madison. We went over to Col. Barlow's camp but he was not ready, and as the men from the ranche were just starting out, we concluded to go with them as far as they went our way.1 We had no trail and our way was through thick timber a great deal of it being fallen. It was hard work for the odometer and Goodfellow. About noon we left the trappers and struck off on our own hook to the North West. Almost all our way was through the heaviest sort of timber.
In the afternoon we came into the valley [ Hayden Valley] in which Crater Hills lie and in sight of Mt. Washburn again. Here we struck the trail of Barlow's party which we followed about 10 miles when we overtook them and went into camp together. We found an escort of four soldiers and a sergeant with them for us; as they were not ready when we started they came with Barlow. The rocks along our way today were all igneous. In many places there were masse[s] of almost pure obsidian. We passed a number of places . . . where hot springs once existed. Nothing is left but the white, glaring deposit [sulfur] from which steam and gases were escaping. On the road today we saw an Elk but he was too far off to shoot and he soon saw us and trotted off.
We are on one of the branches of the Madison [ Nez Percé Creek] the water____________________