The Political Role of the Military: An International Handbook

By Constantine P. Danopoulos; Cynthia Watson | Go to book overview

the elements allowing the development of a society operating as a full member of the world community.


NOTES

The views in this chapter are those of the authors alone and do not represent the views of their governments or any agencies of their governments.

1.
For histories of Argentina, there are many to consult. During this time period, see David Rock, Argentina 1516-1987: From Spanish Colonization to Alfonsin ( Berkeley: University of California Press, 1987), or James R. Scobie, Argentina: A City and a Nation, 2nd ed. ( Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1971).
2.
See Rock, Argentina, pp. 189-90.
3.
See Rock, Argentina, p. 213.
4.
Cristian Buckrucker, Nacionalismo y Peronismo ( Buenos Aires: Editorial Sudamericana, 1987), p. 125.
5.
Robert Potash, "International regulations of the G.O.U.", in Perón y el G.O.U.: Los documentos de una logia secreta ( Buenos Aires: Editorial Sudamericana, 1984), p. 78.
6.
Alain Rouquié, Poder Militar y Sociedad Política en la Argentina, 2 vol. ( Buenos Aires: Editores Emece, 1982).
7.
This law was later dismissed in 1955, when justicialismo fell, and reinstated with difficulty only during the liberal government of Raúl Alfonsín ( 1983-1989). The 1954 law was followed by one that allowed the installation of brothels. On 20 March 1955, the government ordered a decrease in the number of national holidays. Several traditional religious holidays became workdays. In a society constitutionally Catholic, with the Church taking a considerable role in politics, the situation led to Perón's fall. On May 11, the Senate revoked religious education and canceled tax exemption for religious institutions and their dependencies. The last was a blow to church finances. To augment this legislation, the government approved a request for constitutional reform aimed at the separation of church and state. Unification of the two was supported economically and mandated in the 1953 constitution. Finally, more than fifty priests were incarcerated under the accusation of threatening the government, and two priests were expelled from the country.
8.
Benjamín Rattenbach, "El Telon", Revista Militar, 633 ( September-October 1955): 6.
9.
"Between January 1958 and December 1962, of 60 articles published by the Escuela Superior de Guerra's magazine, 16 refer to the subversive war, and 7 of those were written by French authors. Be it translations from specialized French magazines or essays written purposely by French military advisors, the Indochina and Algeria experiences, and the techniques of psychological war, are found frequently in the table of contents of the Revista Militar, or in the more austere Revista de la Escuela Superior de Guerra." ( Rouquié, Poder Militar, vol. 2, p. 158).
10.
Rouquié, Poder Militar, vol. 2, p. 230.
11.
"Act of destitution of President Arturo Illia", in Marcelo Cavarrozi, Autoritarismo y Democracia ( 1955- 1983) ( Buenos Aires: CEAL, 1983), p. 107.
12.
Héctor Campora before the Legislative Assembly on 25 May 1973. See VictoriaItacovitz

-16-

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The Political Role of the Military: An International Handbook
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Preface ix
  • Introduction xi
  • Argentina 1
  • Notes 16
  • References 17
  • Brazil 19
  • Notes 34
  • References 41
  • Canada 42
  • Notes 53
  • References 54
  • China 55
  • Notes 67
  • References 70
  • Cuba 71
  • Notes 84
  • References 86
  • Denmark 88
  • Notes 100
  • References 105
  • Egypt 107
  • Notes 118
  • References 121
  • France 122
  • References 141
  • Germany 143
  • Notes 152
  • References 153
  • Greece 154
  • Notes 167
  • References 168
  • India 169
  • Notes 186
  • References 188
  • Indonesia 189
  • Notes 205
  • References 206
  • Iran 207
  • Israel 223
  • Notes 233
  • References 234
  • Japan 235
  • Notes 252
  • References 255
  • Kenya 256
  • Notes 269
  • References 270
  • Mexico 271
  • Notes 281
  • References 282
  • Netherlands 283
  • Notes 295
  • References 297
  • Nigeria 299
  • Notes 320
  • References 322
  • North Korea 323
  • Notes 335
  • References 337
  • Peru 338
  • Notes 355
  • References 360
  • Poland 361
  • Notes 371
  • References 373
  • Republic of South Africa 374
  • Notes 387
  • References 390
  • Russia and the Former Soviet Union 391
  • Notes 401
  • References 403
  • United Kingdom 404
  • Notes 415
  • United States 420
  • Notes 437
  • References 439
  • Zaire 440
  • Notes 456
  • References 458
  • Index 459
  • CONTRIBUTORS 515
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