The Political Role of the Military: An International Handbook

By Constantine P. Danopoulos; Cynthia Watson | Go to book overview

elders. This is exactly why Hu Yaoban, Zhao Ziyang, and even Jiang Zeming, his handpicked men, can hardly understand what he really wants.

Deng is reportedly trying to shuffle the military again in order to ensure that there is no trouble for the new generation of party leaders, none of whom has had a strong military background. The current campaign that the military should obey the party can be seen as Deng's effort to get the military back to barracks, a strategy he enticed Mao to use in 1975 to control the military after the chaotic Cultural Revolution. Deng could succeed again, on condition that further economic reform continues without a serious threat to the communist regime, Deng's mode of thinking is becoming more discernible. He has considered the party and the central leader to be the elite representatives of the people. When people were against the party and the leader, the people were just not smart enough to understand the good intentions of the party leadership. The precedent has been established that they have gone as far as to use the military to suppress any threats to their regime. The question is, if new military actions occur after Deng's death, can the new generation of party leaders, many of whom had no military background, get the military back to the barracks? The answer can hardly be positive.


NOTES
1.
Qing Shi Huang, Han Wu Di, Tang Tai Zong, Song Tai Zu, Qing Shi Zu, etc.
2.
Sun Yat-sen's Xin Hai Revolution happened in 1911. On 12 February 1912, the Empress Dowager Lung Yu renounced in the name of the Child Emperor Xuan Tong the Mandate of Heaven his imperial ancestor Shun Zhi had acquired in 1644. See Samuel B. Griffith II , The Chinese People's Liberation Army ( New York: McGraw-Hill, 1967), p. 1.
3.
Yuan proclaimed himself the new emperor in December 1915, the fifth year after the 1911 revolution. He died on 6 June 1916. His position and power disappeared with his death.
4.
At the Huang Pu's (Whampoa) opening address, Sun Yat-sen stated: "We have established this academy in the hope that the revolutionary movement may be revitalized. Therefore you, the cadets of this academy, must dedicate yourselves to forming the backbone of the revolutionary army. Otherwise, failing to achieve this armed might, the Chinese revolution will be foredoomed from its beginning. This academy, therefore, has the sole purpose of creating a new revolutionary army for the salvation of China." See F. F. Liu, A Military History of Modern China (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1956), p. 8.
5.
He was sent as a representative of Sun Yat-sen to visit the Soviet Union in 1925, but the destructive behavior in the Soviet Union changed his attitudes towards communism. He said on a number of occasions later that China should not go the Russian way.
6.
Mao Tse-tung, Selected Military Writings ( Peking: Peking Foreign Language Press, 1961), p. 155. The last two points for attention were added after 1929.
7.
Kau Ying-Mao, The People's Liberation Army and China's Nation Building (White Plains, N.Y.: International Arts and Sciences Press, 1973), p. 106.

-67-

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The Political Role of the Military: An International Handbook
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Preface ix
  • Introduction xi
  • Argentina 1
  • Notes 16
  • References 17
  • Brazil 19
  • Notes 34
  • References 41
  • Canada 42
  • Notes 53
  • References 54
  • China 55
  • Notes 67
  • References 70
  • Cuba 71
  • Notes 84
  • References 86
  • Denmark 88
  • Notes 100
  • References 105
  • Egypt 107
  • Notes 118
  • References 121
  • France 122
  • References 141
  • Germany 143
  • Notes 152
  • References 153
  • Greece 154
  • Notes 167
  • References 168
  • India 169
  • Notes 186
  • References 188
  • Indonesia 189
  • Notes 205
  • References 206
  • Iran 207
  • Israel 223
  • Notes 233
  • References 234
  • Japan 235
  • Notes 252
  • References 255
  • Kenya 256
  • Notes 269
  • References 270
  • Mexico 271
  • Notes 281
  • References 282
  • Netherlands 283
  • Notes 295
  • References 297
  • Nigeria 299
  • Notes 320
  • References 322
  • North Korea 323
  • Notes 335
  • References 337
  • Peru 338
  • Notes 355
  • References 360
  • Poland 361
  • Notes 371
  • References 373
  • Republic of South Africa 374
  • Notes 387
  • References 390
  • Russia and the Former Soviet Union 391
  • Notes 401
  • References 403
  • United Kingdom 404
  • Notes 415
  • United States 420
  • Notes 437
  • References 439
  • Zaire 440
  • Notes 456
  • References 458
  • Index 459
  • CONTRIBUTORS 515
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