Balkans, it is anticipated that all three security structures will consider Greece's
views on Balkan issues and may even assist Greece to emerge as the dominant
nation in the Balkans, calling for the maintenance of a sizable, well-trained, and
well-equipped military. Greece's potential for a growing influence in the region
increased when NATO decided to create Headquarters of Land Units in Larissa,
in Central Greece, and to place the Headquarters of the soon-to-be-created NATO Multinational Division of South Europe in the Greek region of Macedonia.
Recent changes in the leadership of the armed forces in Greece took place quietly,
without the usual fuss surrounding them, prompting many observers to characterize them
as "European" in style. See, for example, TO BHMA, 28 February 1993, p. 10.
In addition to his absolute style of rule, King Otto was unpopular because of his
unwillingness to make a clear commitment that his successors would embrace the Greek
Orthodox faith. Without that commitment, there appeared no separation between the
crowns of Bavaria and Greece.
An unsuccessful military revolt aimed at King Otto also took place in Nauplion
in February 1862. Nauplion and other areas in the Peloponnese region of Greece were
under Russian influence. The Russians desired an Orthodox king and did not accept
Catholic Otto wholeheartedly. The revolt did not succeed, primarily because it took place
away from Athens, but it demonstrated that the republican vs. monarchist split had indeed
a foreign dimension. Another mutiny took place in June 1863, after King Otto's abdication. Military units loyal and disloyal to the government, as well as some irregular
forces, were involved in the fierce shooting.
The king dissolved Parliament in 1915, bringing about a new constitutional and
political crisis and leading to his forced resignation; King Constantine was replaced by
his son Alexander. Venizelos established a provisional government in Thessaloniki, giving Greece two separate governments; Venizelos dissolved the provisional government,
came to Athens, and assumed the premiership on June 26.
He even agreed to send troops to fight against the Bolsheviks in the Ukraine.
Over the years, the former king expressed interest in returning to Greece as a
citizen. It may happen, and he and his family may enjoy some support among the Greeks.
Monarchy as an institution, however, never succeeded in bonding with the people.
However, in order to help Otto, Britain offered Greece the Ionian islands in March 1862.
In the First Balkan War (1912), Greece, Serbia, Bulgaria, and Montenegro forced Turkey out of its European possessions, except Constantinople. In the Second Balkan
War (1913), Greece, Serbia, Rumania, and Turkey forced Bulgaria to cede a large part
According to The Military Balance 1992, the army had 113,000 conscripts; the
air force, 26,800; and the navy, 19,500 conscripts. With regard to the terms of service,
army recruits served for up to nineteen months, air force recruits for up to twenty-one
months, and navy recruits for up to twenty-three months.
The figures of the referendum, reported on 13 August 1973, were 77.2% for ab
Questia, a part of Gale, Cengage Learning. www.questia.com
Book title: The Political Role of the Military:An International Handbook.
Contributors: Constantine P. Danopoulos - Editor, Cynthia Watson - Editor.
Publisher: Greenwood Press.
Place of publication: Westport, CT.
Publication year: 1996.
Page number: 167.
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