In 1949, the year in which Dutch colonial rule over the East Indies ended, a great
number of South Moluccans came to the Netherlands. They feared for their future in an
independent Indonesia, because for centuries they had cooperated closely with the Dutch
colonial regime. Both economically and socially they never integrated very well into
Dutch society, and especially among the young Moluccans this led to feelings of frustration and bitterness, which resulted in several terrorist actions in the 1970s.
During the action, six of the terrorists and two hostages were killed.
Keesings Historisch Archief, 24 June 1977, p. 296.
Ph. Everts, Watdenken de mensen in het land? ( Nijmegen: Studiecentrum voor
Vredesvraagstukken, 1992), p. 83.
Verplicht of vrijwillig dienen? Een onderzok naar de wendselikheid en mogelijkheid van een vrijwilligerskirijgsmacht ( The Hague: Staatsuitgeverij, 1977).
Everts, Wat denken demensen, p. 44.
With the exception of functions aboard submarines and in the Royal Marine Corps.
For instance, by the Social Council for the Armed Forces, a civil advisory board
to the Minister of Defense.
For several years already, the proportion of women is approximately 5%.
Minister of Defense, Prioriteitennota. Een andere wereld, een andere Defensie
(another world, another Defense organization) ( The Hague: SDU, 1993).
These percentages were measured during opinion polls held by the Dutch Foundation on Armed Forces and Society.
"The northern part of Noord-Holland is a special case, due to the presence of a
naval base in Den Helder. This region depends on Defense for a third of its income, a
dependence which is, however, more the result of direct employment (defense payrolls)
than indirect employment resulting from defense orders." In A. J. Hofman, Het regionaal-
economisch effect van Defensie-uitgaven (The regional-economic impact of Defenseexpenditures). Emmen, CDP-publishers, 1991, p. 343.
From an interview published in the Dutch magazine Maatschappij & Krijgsmacht
( Society & The Armed Forces). 15, 3 ( June 1993), p. 5.
46. Held in August 1995 by the Dutch Foundation on Armed Forces and Society. The
question asked was: Do you think the armed forces are . . .
|a necessary evil||(29 %)|
|hardly necessary||(12 %)|
|don't know||10 %)|
"Necessary" and "necessary evil" combined gives a remarkable 74%.