The Political Role of the Military: An International Handbook

By Constantine P. Danopoulos; Cynthia Watson | Go to book overview

power. Little perceptible progress has been made. If the military is to take a more responsible and institutionalized administrative role rather than to persist in its haphazard interventionist habits, we may be advised to highlight the military's natural advantage and build its political capacity to more mature levels.50 Having observed the constant intrigues, dissension, and plotting in the ranks, a first step will call for a reorganization of the military's structure to meet the requirements of its new duties. We cannot expect the government to stabilize before the military is itself stabilized. The military reflects the lethal divisions of Nigerian society; and if the military cannot itself overcome its own problems, only the naive will persist in the fantasy of an optimistic future for Nigeria.


NOTES
1.
Ali A. Mazrui, The Africans: A Triple Heritage ( Boston: Little, Brown, and Company, 1986), p. 181-83.
2.
Crawford Young, Ideology and Development in Africa ( New Haven: Yale University Press, 1982), p. 324.
3.
Claude E. Welch Jr. "Soldier and State in Africa", in Marion E. Doro and Newell M. Stultz , eds., Governing in Black Africa: Perspectives on New States (Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall, 1970), p. 159.
4.
Richard Hodder-Williams, An Introduction to the Politics of Tropical Africa ( London: George Allen and Unwin, 1984), pp. 127-28.
5.
Welch, Soldier and State in Africa, p. 164. Also Constantine P. Danopoulos, "Military Dictatorships in Retreat: Problems and Perspectives", in Constantine P. Danopoulos , ed., The Decline of Military Regimes: The Civilian Influence ( Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press, 1988), p. 1.
6.
R. Paul Shaw and Yuws Wong, Genetic Seeds of Warfare: Evolution, Nationalism and Patriotism ( Boston: Unwin Hyman, 1989), p. 134.
7.
Africa Insight 17, no. 4 ( 1987): 48.
8.
Shaw and Wong, Genetic Seeds, p. 117.
9.
Ieuan LL. Griffiths, An Atlas of African Affairs ( London: Methuen, 1984), pp. 66- 67.
10.
Claude E. Welch Jr., "Military Disengagement from Politics? Incentives and Obstacles in Political Change", in Simon Baynham, ed., Military Power and Politics in Black Africa ( New York: St. Martin's Press, 1986), p. 67.
11.
Kwazi Sarfo, The Political Structure of African States (Dubuque: Kendall/Hunt, 1988), p. 70.
13.
Opulu Agyeman, "Setbacks to Political Institutionalization by Pretorianism in Africa", Journal of Modern African Studies 26, no. 3 ( 1988): 415.
14.
Rene Lemarchand, in S. W. Schmidt and G. A. Dorfman, eds., Soldiers in Politics (Los Altos: Geron-X, 1974), p. 94.
15.
W. F. Gutteridge, Military Regimes in Africa ( London: Methuen and Co., 1975), p. 186.
16.
Karl P. Magyar, "Military Intervention and Withdrawal in Africa: Problems and Perspectives", in Constantine Danopoulos, ed., From Military to Civilian Rule ( London: Routledge, 1992), pp. 239-240.

-320-

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The Political Role of the Military: An International Handbook
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Preface ix
  • Introduction xi
  • Argentina 1
  • Notes 16
  • References 17
  • Brazil 19
  • Notes 34
  • References 41
  • Canada 42
  • Notes 53
  • References 54
  • China 55
  • Notes 67
  • References 70
  • Cuba 71
  • Notes 84
  • References 86
  • Denmark 88
  • Notes 100
  • References 105
  • Egypt 107
  • Notes 118
  • References 121
  • France 122
  • References 141
  • Germany 143
  • Notes 152
  • References 153
  • Greece 154
  • Notes 167
  • References 168
  • India 169
  • Notes 186
  • References 188
  • Indonesia 189
  • Notes 205
  • References 206
  • Iran 207
  • Israel 223
  • Notes 233
  • References 234
  • Japan 235
  • Notes 252
  • References 255
  • Kenya 256
  • Notes 269
  • References 270
  • Mexico 271
  • Notes 281
  • References 282
  • Netherlands 283
  • Notes 295
  • References 297
  • Nigeria 299
  • Notes 320
  • References 322
  • North Korea 323
  • Notes 335
  • References 337
  • Peru 338
  • Notes 355
  • References 360
  • Poland 361
  • Notes 371
  • References 373
  • Republic of South Africa 374
  • Notes 387
  • References 390
  • Russia and the Former Soviet Union 391
  • Notes 401
  • References 403
  • United Kingdom 404
  • Notes 415
  • United States 420
  • Notes 437
  • References 439
  • Zaire 440
  • Notes 456
  • References 458
  • Index 459
  • CONTRIBUTORS 515
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