The Political Role of the Military: An International Handbook

By Constantine P. Danopoulos; Cynthia Watson | Go to book overview

based troops to maintain stability in their region, defend it against attempts by the central authorities to reimpose control on the province, and possibly against similar armed formations in neighboring regions. It is anyone's guess what will happen to nuclear weapons, air defense and space troops, and the navy when they are highly centralized but spread throughout the country. The classic system of local warlords is unlikely to materialize in Russian conditions because the military seem to be averse to the idea of adding the multiple and stark new economic, social, political, legal, and other problems that would emerge in a devastated and decentralized country to their own.

The second option is less probable than the first one. Though Russia is still in the grip of severe crisis, there are signs that the decline is slowing. In some sectors of the economy low-level stability has finally been established. There are no indications that local authorities are more inclined to secede than they were a year or two ago (while the August coup resulted in the breakup of the Soviet Union, the September 1993 crisis did not bring about the dissolution of Russia). President Yeltsin managed to dispose of the powerful opposition to his policy in Parliament together with the Parliament and also gain reelection. A more homogeneous and stable political leadership may be expected as a result of future elections. In such conditions, option one is much more probable, leading to eventual consolidation of the armed forces and their stronger position among state institutions.


NOTES
1.
General V. Serebriannikov, "Demilitarizatsiia obschestva" ( "Demilitarization of society"), Mirovaia economika i mezhdunarodniie otnosheniia, no. 12 ( December 1992): 35.
2.
Colonel V. Rodachin, "Armiia i politicheskaiia vlast" ( "Army and the political power"), Voennaia misl, no. 5 ( May 1993): 13.
3.
Two sets of arguments can be mentioned as an example. First, that the military were lavishly represented in the state legislature--the Supreme Soviet, as well as lower- level Soviets. The counterargument here is that all the Soviets were rather rubberstamping bodies with no real influence on the political process. Second, the post of defense minister was held exclusively by the military; defense ministers also used to sit in the highest decision-making body of the CPSU, the Politbureau. On the other hand, the armed forces were tightly controlled by a number of the Communist/state institutions over which the army had no control, including several KGB agencies (which pervaded the army); and the CPSU Central Committee, the chief political department of the armed forces (GlavPUR), had the status of a Central Committee's department.
4.
Krasnaia zvezda, 6 March 1992.
5.
Krasnaia zvezda, 1 April 1992.
6.
"Prioritet-sotsialnim problemam" [ "Priority to social problems"], interview with General V. Vorobiev, chief of the Central Finance Department, in Krasnaia zvedza, 30 June 1992.

-401-

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The Political Role of the Military: An International Handbook
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Preface ix
  • Introduction xi
  • Argentina 1
  • Notes 16
  • References 17
  • Brazil 19
  • Notes 34
  • References 41
  • Canada 42
  • Notes 53
  • References 54
  • China 55
  • Notes 67
  • References 70
  • Cuba 71
  • Notes 84
  • References 86
  • Denmark 88
  • Notes 100
  • References 105
  • Egypt 107
  • Notes 118
  • References 121
  • France 122
  • References 141
  • Germany 143
  • Notes 152
  • References 153
  • Greece 154
  • Notes 167
  • References 168
  • India 169
  • Notes 186
  • References 188
  • Indonesia 189
  • Notes 205
  • References 206
  • Iran 207
  • Israel 223
  • Notes 233
  • References 234
  • Japan 235
  • Notes 252
  • References 255
  • Kenya 256
  • Notes 269
  • References 270
  • Mexico 271
  • Notes 281
  • References 282
  • Netherlands 283
  • Notes 295
  • References 297
  • Nigeria 299
  • Notes 320
  • References 322
  • North Korea 323
  • Notes 335
  • References 337
  • Peru 338
  • Notes 355
  • References 360
  • Poland 361
  • Notes 371
  • References 373
  • Republic of South Africa 374
  • Notes 387
  • References 390
  • Russia and the Former Soviet Union 391
  • Notes 401
  • References 403
  • United Kingdom 404
  • Notes 415
  • United States 420
  • Notes 437
  • References 439
  • Zaire 440
  • Notes 456
  • References 458
  • Index 459
  • CONTRIBUTORS 515
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