7 Zdenek Cervenka
The Effect of Militarization
on Human Rights in Africa
THE MILITARIZATION OF AFRICA
IntroductionThe issue of militarization is very important in Africa: out of 52
independent African states in 1987 only 12 to date have been spared
the turmoil of military coups and conspiracies to overthrow civilian
governments. They are Botswana, Ivory Coast, Senegal, Egypt (the
overthrow of the Egyptian monarchy by the young colonels Neguib
and Nasser has been widely regarded as part of decolonization). Morocco, Swaziland, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Malawi, Tunisia, Mauritius,
and Djibouti.The term militarization does not refer only to rule by the gun or
to military conflicts and the arms suppliers that keep them going.
Military rule has become a style of government and a way of life,
imposed on the general populace without their consent. The term
can be used broadly to describe the following situations in Africa:
|The process of usurpation of political power by soldiers through military
Questia, a part of Gale, Cengage Learning. www.questia.com
Book title: Emerging Human Rights:The African Political Economy Context.
Contributors: George W. Shepherd Jr. - Editor, Mark O. C. Anikpo - Author.
Publisher: Greenwood Press.
Place of publication: New York.
Publication year: 1990.
Page number: 129.
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