Scientific Discovery Processes in Humans and Computers: Theory and Research in Psychology and Artificial Intelligence

By Morton Wagman | Go to book overview
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Subject Index
ABACUS system, 129, 179
AM program, 63-67; comparison with the ARE system, 71-81; scientific problem type of, 179; uses inductive logic, 164
ARE system, 71-83, 179
artificial intelligence: discovery in chemistry (MECHEM), 131-140; discovery in particle physics (PAULI), 141-150; discovery systems, 103-130; mathematical discovery and, 63-66; processes of scientific discovery and, 167- 174; scientific discovery and, 153-156
astronomy, (re-)discoveries in: by BACON.3, 153-160; by Kepler, 160-165
BACON system, 107-121, 124-129, 179
BACON.3, 129-130, 153-160.
belief change, ECHO system as a psychological model of, 99-100 biochemistry, discovery in: by Krebs, 169- 171; simulated by the KEKADA system, 168-171
Black's law: BACON system's discovery of, 110-114, 119, 121, 128; FAHRENHEIT system's discovery of, 115-119, 121; IDS system's discovery of, 121- 124
BR-3 system, compared with PAULI system, 143-145, 150
chemistry, artificial intelligence discoveries in (MECHEM), 131-140
computational discovery systems, scientific problem types and, 177-179
computational simulation of scientific discovery processes, 167-174
CONGEN, 133
constraint logic programming (CLP), 138
COPER method, 129
DALTON system, 143
Darwin's theory of evolution, analyzed by ECHO, 94-95, 97-99
DENDRAL, 131, 168, 179
developmental level and scientific reasoning, 39-60; conclusions, 59-60; discussion, 55-59; experiment in, 43-55; overview and background, 39-43
discovery: in astronomy: by BACON.3, 153-160, by Kepler, 160-165; in biochemistry, 168-171; in chemistry, 131- 140; conceptual, 3-38: cognitive

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