The finding that the US significantly preferred counseling from
the local (Burnett) AIDS clinic, while the SS sought out testing at a
number of sites, including general practitioners and STD clinics, is
interesting. It suggests that estimates of unsafe sex and HIV
prevalence extrapolated from data gathered at alternative test sites is
likely to be skewed toward those practicing unsafe sex and,
conversely, extrapolation gathered from more traditional sites is
likely to underestimate the true extent of unsafe behavior.
Consequently, the need for cross-site, comparative behavioral and
epidemiological research is indicated. Regarding behavioral
correlates of unsafe sexual behavior, there was a high degree of
replication across the countries when the components of safer sex
were examined separately and less replication when the overall
measure of safer sex was used.86
Overall, the results suggest that safer sex behavior is complexly
interrelated with other sexual, prophylactic, and non-drug-using
behavior and, further, that it is associated with the social context of
both the sexual encounter and the wider social milieu of
homosexually active men. For AIDS research it would appear
important to consider safer sex in this wider perspective, both to
measure potentially negative consequences of AIDS education and to
assist in the identification of variables that appear to assist, or at
least correlate with, homosexually active men in the practice of safer
Vincent van Gogh ( 1853-1890), in Rutledge [ 1988], p. 65.
So, for example, some sample answers to this question include "because
all homosexuals are promiscuous, " "because sodomy is against God's law, "
"because they have something to learn for their next life, " "because the world is I
over-populated and this is nature's way . . ." "because they really hate their
mothers, " "because men can't control themselves, " "because they have become
complacent, " "because of prejudice, internalized homophobia and/or poor selfesteem, " and "because of fate." Note the different theoretical perspectives implied
in the responses and, having read the previous section, the sweeping and
inaccurate generalizations required to sustain such notions.
This methodology is not new but mirrors the approach taken by early
epidemiologists. Essentially, one identifies the characteristics of those infected
with a disease and compares them with a similar group of those without the disease,
thus identifying distinguishing characteristics. Here the same process is
involved. However, in this case the investigation is socio-sexual, not
Note that no causality is implied here. So, for example, sixteen- to thirtyfive-year-olds are those identified as most at risk of STDs. However, this does not
Questia, a part of Gale, Cengage Learning. www.questia.com
Book title: Male Homosexual Behavior and the Effects of AIDS Education:A Study of Behavior and Safer Sex in New Zealand and South Australia.
Contributors: B. R. Simon Rosser - Author.
Publisher: Praeger Publishers.
Place of publication: New York.
Publication year: 1991.
Page number: 107.
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