disempowerment, isolation, and disintegration may be postulated as
the intervening psychological mechanisms explaining the reversion
to unsafe sex.
A number of important conclusions, with implications for AIDS
education, can be made from these findings. First, not all AIDS
education is necessarily beneficial.27 It would appear that such
education may have very serious negative consequences on behavior
change.?28 Second, any campaign directed at the general public also
has an impact on those identified as at higher risk. The possible
implications of such education on homosexually active men,
intravenous drug users, and prostitutes must be carefully
considered.29 Third, the evidence of this study suggests that fear as
an education strategy to motivate safer sex behavior is counterproductive, with the possibility having to be faced that such
campaigns, however well intentioned and market-researched among
the general population, may lead to increased unsafe sex in those at
higher risk and so increase the spread of HIV. Fourth, the
Australian experience highlights the need for all AIDS education to
be adequately behaviorally researched and tested. Where that
education is targeted at specific communities, the research needs to
incorporate the possible effects of such interventions on other
communities in contact with the interventions.
Osborn [ 1986], p. 214.
R. Baden-Powell, original transcript of Scouting for Boys, December 26, 1907-1924, February 1908, British Scouts Association Archives, quoted in Jeal
Jeal argues that it was Baden-Powell's own prejudices, rather than the
medical biases of the day, that led him to give such advice: "Such statements said
more about those voicing them than the boys who were their targets. Only intense
fear of sex, and of women, could have led to this concerted attempt to suppress every
manifestation of sexual desire. . . . Inevitably Baden-Powell's own sexual
anxieties were responsible for the intensity of his attack on masturbation. . . .
Since interest in sex either seemed likely to lead boys to 'beastliness' with women
or to a propensity for 'the love that dares not speak its name,' it had to be curbed and
crushed by iron will-power. This was once again Baden-Powell fighting his own
battle at one remove" ( Jeal, ibid., p. 107-108).
J. J. Baggaley [ 1988].
K. Lashley and
J. Watson ( 1921), "A Psychological Study of Motion
Pictures in Relation to Venereal Disease Campaigns", Social Hygiene 7:181-219,
in Baggaley [ 1988].
Rout, private correspondence, quoted in Kehoe [ 1987].
Questia, a part of Gale, Cengage Learning. www.questia.com
Book title: Male Homosexual Behavior and the Effects of AIDS Education:A Study of Behavior and Safer Sex in New Zealand and South Australia.
Contributors: B. R. Simon Rosser - Author.
Publisher: Praeger Publishers.
Place of publication: New York.
Publication year: 1991.
Page number: 191.
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