The Political Economy of Rural Development in China, 1978-1999

By Weixing Chen | Go to book overview

Despite the fact that the electoral process at this point is problematic and misunderstood, hope may very well lie in the answer to this unanswered question. At least we could hope that voting and election would become habitual to peasants.


NOTES
1.
Sylvia Chan, "Village Self-Government and Civil Society", in Joseph Y. S. Cheng , ed., China Review 1998 ( Hong Kong: Chinese University Press, 1998), p. 236.
2.
Western scholarship includes Kevin J. O'Brien, "Implementing Political Reform in China's Villages", Australian Journal of Chinese Affairs, Issue 32 ( July 1994), pp. 33-60; Daniel Kelliher, "The Chinese Debate over Village Self-Government", China Journal, Issue 37 ( January 1997), pp. 63-86; Jean C. Oi, "Economic Development, Stability and Democratic Village Self-Governance", in Maurice Brosseau, Suzanne Pepper, and Tsang Shu-ki, eds., China Review 1996 ( Hong Kong: Chinese University Press, 1996), pp. 125-44; M. Kent Jennings, "Political Participation in the Chinese Countryside", American Political Science Review, vol. 91, no. 2 ( June 1997), pp. 361-72; Melanie Manion, "The Electoral Connection in the Chinese Countryside", American Political Science Review, vol. 90, no. 4 ( December 1996), pp. 736-48; and John Dearlove, "Village Politics", in Robert Benewick and Paul Wingrove, eds., China in the 1990s ( Vancouver: UBC Press, 1995), pp. 120-31. Chinese scholarship includes Houan Zhang, Zhongguo nongcun jiceng zhengquan (Local government in China's countryside) ( Chengdu: Sichuan renmin chubanshe, 1992); and Yong Xu, Zhongguo nongcun cunmin zizhi (Villagers' self-government in China's countryside) ( Wuhan: Huazhong shifan daxue chubanshe, 1997).
3.
The term "village autonomy" is often used in the literature on this subject.
4.
Most people who wrote on this subject agreed that the case for villagers' self-government had arisen directly in response to these consequences. See Kelliher, "Chinese Debate over Village Self-Government", pp. 63-90; Oi, "Economic Development, Stability and Democratic Village Self-Governance", pp. 125-44; and O'Brien, "Implementing Political Reform in China's Villages", pp. 33-59.
5.
This was the case with all the cities and villages I visited in Shandong province during my field research in the summer of 1997.
6.
This is one of the villages I visited in the summer of 1997.
7.
Buxicun Cunmin Zizhi Zhangcheng (Buxicun Villagers' Self-Government Charter) ( June 1991), p. 1.
8.
My field research revealed that the same procedure was also followed in Qufu, Laixi, and Pingyi.
9.
Lianjiang Li and Kevin J. O'Brien, "The Struggle over Village Elections", in Roderick MacFarquhar and Merle Goldman, eds., The Paradox of China's Reforms ( Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1999).
10.
Chan, "Village Self-Government and Civil Society", p. 245.
11.
Zhonghua renmin gongheguo guojia nongye weiyuanhui bangongting ( General Office of the PRC State Agricultural Committee), ed., Nongye jitihua zhongyaowenjian huibian (Collection of important documents concerning agricultural collectivization) ( Beijing: Zhongyang dangxiao chubanshe, 1981), pp. 628-29.

-134-

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The Political Economy of Rural Development in China, 1978-1999
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Copyright Acknowledgments v
  • Contents vii
  • Preface ix
  • Introduction xi
  • Abbreviations xv
  • 1 - Ideology and Economic Development 1
  • Notes 26
  • 2 - A Party of Economics and Market-Oriented Communal Socialism 29
  • Notes 45
  • 3 - The Dengist Reform in Historical Perspective 47
  • Notes 68
  • 4 - The Village Conglomerate: A New Form of Political Economy 71
  • Notes 98
  • 5 - The Peasant Challenge at the Turn of the Century 101
  • Notes 117
  • 6 - Village Elections for Self-Government 119
  • Notes 134
  • 7 - A New Ideological Discourse: Deng Xiaoping Theory 137
  • Notes 153
  • 8 - Understanding the Political Economy of Development 155
  • Notes 161
  • Bibliography 163
  • Index 169
  • About the Author *
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