Dream and Reality: The Modern Black Struggle for Freedom and Equality

By Jeannine Swift | Go to book overview
Save to active project

enjoy the swankiest hotels, eat in the finest restaurants, live on the boulevard, ride anywhere, worship anyplace, work anywhere, get high-paying jobs, send more men to Congress, get more judgeships--but remember that we can do all these things and not be a part of the policy-making bodies that shape education, industry, and government. We can do all these things and still be grossly discriminated against when there is no sign of segregation in sight. This kind of discrimination which we will meet in the interim between desegregation and integration will be subtle and will be administered not by the Maddoxes, the Wallaces, and the Barnetts, but by our liberal friends in Congress, in education, and in industry. If we aren't careful, we will live another century dangling between desegregation and integration, with all the discrimination inherent therein. (16)

In the same year ( 1967) that Dr. Mays delivered his prophetic address, a black militant and a black scholar collaborated to write a book, Black Power: The Politics of Liberation in America. Although it never enjoyed the distinction of being on mainstream America's best seller lists, its crisp analysis and recommendations hold as true today as they did two decades ago.

Carmichael and Hamilton state:

The adoption of the concept of Black Power is one of the most legitimate and healthy developments in American politics and race relations in our time. The concept of Black Power speaks to all the needs mentioned in this chapter. It is a call for black people in this country to unite, to recognize their heritage, to build a sense of community. It is a call for black people to begin to define their own goals, to lead their own organizations. It is a call to reject the racist institutions and values of this society. The concept of Black Power rests on a fundamental premise: Before a group can enter the open society, it must first close ranks. (17)

The painful lessons blacks learned in futile attempts at integration demand a new mindset which clearly states that black children need not attend predominantly white schools to learn; blacks need not live in white communities to be comfortable and safe; and blacks need not patronize white entrepreneurs exclusively to receive quality products and services. All blacks, but black children particularly, need to learn that all of the so-called good things in life are not attained only in the white community.

In the language of the 1954 Brown decision, constantly being told that one can only attain the best that life has to offer outside of one's home and community environment is injurious to the minds and hearts of Black Americans.

Anthony Lewis, "The School Segregation Cases," in Black History: A Reappraisal, ed. Melvin Drimmer ( Garden City, NY: Anchor Books, Doubleday, 1969), 423.
Jennifer L. Hochschild, Thirty Years After Brown ( Washington, D.C.: Joint Center for Political Studies, 1985), 19, 20.


Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
Loading One moment ...
Project items
Cite this page

Cited page

Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Dream and Reality: The Modern Black Struggle for Freedom and Equality


Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

While we understand printed pages are helpful to our users, this limitation is necessary to help protect our publishers' copyrighted material and prevent its unlawful distribution. We are sorry for any inconvenience.
Full screen
/ 162

matching results for page

Cited passage

Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.

Are you sure you want to delete this highlight?