Dream and Reality: The Modern Black Struggle for Freedom and Equality

By Jeannine Swift | Go to book overview

for instance, when blacks still suffered from high unemployment and job discrimination. The solutions to the current levels of high unemployment among blacks lies in a combination of full employment policies and equal access to all jobs. Throughout the 1960s and 1970s these two policy agendas remained separate from each other. In setting the employment agenda for the future it is important to recognize that one will never work without the other.


NOTES
1.
National Urban League, The State of Black America ( New York: National Urban League, 1987), 78.
2.
John Kirby, Black Americans in the Roosevelt Era: Liberalism and Race ( Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1980), 94.
3.
David J. Greenstone, Labor in American Politics ( New York: Alfred Knopf, 1969).
4.
James Harvey, Black Civil Rights During the Kennedy Administration ( Jackson, Miss.: University and College Press of Mississippi, 1971).
6.
Joseph Rauh, interview with author, Washington, D.C. July 25, 1987.
7.
Norman Hill, interview with author, New York, July 22, 1986.
8.
"Labor Aids Bias Fight," Detroit Free Press, April 4, 1965, 4-C.
9.
Charles and Barbara Whalen, The Longest Debate: A Legislative History of the 1964 Civil Rights Act. (Cabin John Maryland: Seven Locks Press, 1985).
10.
Herbert Hill, interview with author, Madison, August 25, 1986.
11.
Herbert Hill, "The Equal Employment Opportunity Acts of 1964 and 1972: A Critical Analysis of the Legislative History and Administration of the Law," Industrial Relations Law Journal 2, no. 1 (Spring 1977): 19.
12.
Congressional Record, 88th Cong., 1st session, March 21, 1964, 5820.
13.
"AFL-CIO Comments on Lester Hill's Criticism," January 31, 1964, from the AFL-CIO Dept. of Legislation, Box 009, Folder 13, George Meany Memorial Archives.
16.
Hubert Humphrey, Congressional Record, 88th Cong., 1st sess., March 30, 1964, 6549.
17.
Hill, "The Equal Employment Opportunity Acts,"2.

-121-

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Dream and Reality: The Modern Black Struggle for Freedom and Equality
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Recent Titles in Contributions in Afro-American and African Studies ii
  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Preface vii
  • 1: A Tale of Two and One-Half Decades 3
  • Notes 11
  • 2: A Tribute to Martin Luther King, Jr. 13
  • 3: Rediscovering Women Leaders of the Civil Rights Movement 19
  • Conclusion 26
  • Notes 26
  • 4: The Civil Rights Movement: Upheaval and Organization 29
  • Conclusion 39
  • Notes 40
  • 5: Blacks and the New South: Civil Rights in the Eighties 43
  • Introduction 43
  • Conclusion 49
  • Notes 50
  • 6: Improving the Plight of Black, Inner-City Youths: Whose Responsibility? 53
  • Notes 65
  • 7: Racial Attitudes of Black and White Adolescents Before and After Desegregation 69
  • Conclusion 73
  • Notes 74
  • 8: The Ills of Integration: A Black Perspective 77
  • Introduction 77
  • Notes 84
  • 9: A Dream Deferred for Quality Education: Civil Rights Legislation and De Facto Segregation in the Cincinnati Schools, 1954-1986 87
  • Notes 91
  • 10: The Housing Conditions of Black Americans: 1960s-1980s 93
  • Conclusion 98
  • Notes 105
  • 11: The Collapse of the Employment Policy Agenda: 1964-1981 107
  • Introduction 107
  • Conclusion 120
  • Notes 121
  • 12: Black Workers at Risk: Jobs for Life or Death 125
  • Conclusion 131
  • Notes 133
  • 13: "Where Do We Go from Here" 137
  • Notes 144
  • Index 147
  • About the Editor and the Contributors 153
  • Hofstra University's Cultural and Intercultural Studies Coordinating Editor, Alexej Ugrinsky 157
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