lower echelons. Besides, their decision may be tantamount to a mere imitation
of unsuitable alien systems. They are reinforcing the twin factors (political
liberalization and privatization) that sustain the global hierarchy of nations and
their lower position in it. And in the realm of, for example, distributional
justice, they may be helping to perpetuate one of the most rugged, at times
insensitive, impersonal, and dangerous grand policy options even crafted by the
For details on explanation and theory building see: Johan Galtung, Theory and Methods in Social Research ( New York: Columbia University Press, 1969); and Ian Peleg, "Arms Supply to the Third World--Models and
Explanations," Journal of Modern African Studies 15 ( 1): 91-103 ( 1977).
Theory building as it is construed in this analysis is based on a mélange
of structural constants, cycles, and systemic trends. Of course theory building
varies from analyst to analyst in terms of the type of epistemology used or in
terms of the approach and/or set of rules utilized in the production of knowledge
and, consequently, a stipulation of what constitutes worthwhile knowledge.
Epistemologies may differ not in terms of ultimate goal--the production of
knowledge--but in the process or set of rules that defines the means of
producing knowledge. It follows, therefore, that all epistemologies are
predicated on a rationale contained in the basic set of rules or approach used in
investigating a phenomenon.
3. These assumptions are, broadly speaking, general statements of the major
components of democratic governance in many countries and in particular of the
Third World political environment, where the process of democratization is
unfolding. Freedom and its inherent human rights, groups or civil society, and
even the military, among others, are the recurring themes in most analyses of
the procedural and substantive aspects of democratization. See, for example, Georg Sorensen, Democracy and Democratization ( Boulder, Col.: Westview
Press, 1993); and Philip Green (ed.), Key Concepts in Critical Theory:
Democracy (Atlantic Highlands, N.J.: Humanities Press, 1993). 4.
The most common form of political behavior after the legitimate normal
process has been violated by the incumbent regime is usually collective political
violence in the form of violent protests, riots, assassinations, and civil wars. For
an examination of collective political violence from different angles see: Ted R. Gurr
, Why Men Rebel ( Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1970); Charles Tilly, From Mobilization to Revolution ( Reading, Mass.: Addison-
Wesley, 1978); and Chalmers Johnson, Revolutionary Change ( Boston, Mass.: Little, Brown and Co., 1966).
Questia, a part of Gale, Cengage Learning. www.questia.com
Book title: Democratization in Africa:The Theory and Dynamics of Political Transitions.
Contributors: Earl Conteh-Morgan - Author.
Publisher: Praeger Publishers.
Place of publication: Westport, CT.
Publication year: 1997.
Page number: 180.
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