U.S. Intelligence: Evolution and Anatomy

By Mark M. Lowenthal | Go to book overview

2
The National Security Apparatus

The Demise of the OSS

The OSS was one of the first victims of the rapid postwar demobilization. The Bureau of the Budget recommended a return to departmental rather than central intelligence, with an interdepartmental committee for coordination. On September 20, 1945, President Harry S Truman ordered the termination of OSS operations effective October 1, 1945. Some OSS components survived, albeit dispersed. R&A went to the State Department, where it was united with other units to form the Interim Research and Intelligence Service. Truman hoped that the State Department would "take the lead" in coordinating intelligence. The War Department took the Secret Intelligence Branch (clandestine collection) and X-2, the counterespionage branch, combining them into the Strategic Service Unit (SSU). All three surviving branches continued their previous activities.

Toward the end of the war, a long series of studies and debates began over the proper national security organization the U.S. government should have. With the return of peace, these debates resumed with vigor. Although many issues were at stake -- such as policy coordination, defense unification, the future of the air force, and the role of intelli

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U.S. Intelligence: Evolution and Anatomy
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Foreword ix
  • About the Author xiii
  • Summary xv
  • I - The Evolution of U.S. Intelligence 1
  • Introduction 3
  • 1 - Antecedents of the Modern U.S. Intelligence Community 6
  • 2 - The National Security Apparatus 13
  • 3 - The Age of Smith and Dulles 22
  • 4 - Intelligence and an Activist Foreign Policy 30
  • 5 - The Great Intelligence Investigation 39
  • 6 - Politicized Intelligence 47
  • 7 - A Restored" Intelligence Community" 66
  • 8 - Intelligence in the Post-Cold War World 87
  • 9 - Observations 100
  • II - The Anatomy of U.S. Intelligence 103
  • 10 - Central Coordination and Management 105
  • 11 - Intelligence Agencies and Components 116
  • 12 - Oversight Bodies 138
  • 13 - Observations 144
  • Notes 146
  • Index 169
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