Pioneers of Early Childhood Education: A Bio-Bibliographical Guide

By Barbara Ruth Peltzman | Go to book overview

Friedrich Wilhelm Froebel (1782-1852)
Froebel developed a theory and detailed method for educating young children called the kindergarten.Contributions to education made by Froebel include a belief that learning should be an active process, the inclusion of play as an educational method, and the understanding that childhood is a unique time. He suggested a cooperative social environment rather than a competitive environment and put forth the belief that education was a process of unfolding of abilities. His child-centered curriculum included self-activity, physical activity, music, outdoor activities, and a series of manipulative materials called "Gifts and Occupations," which used the senses, followed a specific sequence, and provided detailed teacher directions. He advocated the training of young women as teachers; the development of songs and finger-plays for home and school; and wrote numerous books including The Education ofMan and The Pedagogics of the Kindergarten. Froebel attempted to build a new system of education suited to the needs of young children and that would provide materials to help children organize and understand the world. This became a systematic, organized connection between theory and practice on which other pioneers built to create early childhood education.
PRIMARY SOURCES
83. Padagogik Des Kindergarten. Berlin: W. Lang, 1862. [ Pedagogics of theKindergarten. Trans. Josephine Jarvis, New York: D. Appleton & Co., 1895.] Discussion of the theory of unity, interrelatedness of all educational experiences, the conditions of child development, and the kindergarten program. Describes in precise detail the use of the Gifts by children and the importance of songs, games, and movement.
84. Mutter UndKose-Lieder. Wein und Liepzig: F. Seedel, 1883. [" The Mother Play and Nursery Songs Trans. Bertha von Marenholtz-Bulow. In The. Kindergarten and Child Culture Papers, ed. Henry Barnard. Hartford: Office of Barnard's American Journal of Education, 1890, pp. 227-350. Mottoes and Commentaries of Froebel's Mother Play. Trans. Henriette R. Eliot. Prose commentaries translated and introduction on Froebel's philosophy by Susan E. Blow. New York: Appleton & Co., 1906.] The poems, pictures, mottoes, fingerplays, and commentaries intended for mothers to use with infants as a child development guide. This material is the basis for part of the modern early childhood curriculum. Used by Froebel as the basis for his lectures to illustrate his theory.

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Pioneers of Early Childhood Education: A Bio-Bibliographical Guide
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Preface ix
  • References x
  • Acknowledgments xi
  • Introduction xiii
  • Bibliography xvi
  • Johann Amos Comenius (1592-1670) 1
  • John Dewey (1859-1952) 3
  • Ella Victoria Dobbs (1866-1952) 17
  • Abigail Adams Eliot (1892-1992) 21
  • Friedrich Wilhelm Froebel (1782-1852) 25
  • Arnold Lucius Gesell (1880-1961) 29
  • William Nicholas Hailmann (1836-1920) 33
  • Granville Stanley Hall (1844-1924) 41
  • William Torrey Harris (1835-1908) and Susan E. Blow (1843-1916) 47
  • Elizabeth Harrison (1849-1927) 55
  • Patty Smith Hill (1868-1946) 59
  • Amy M. Hostler (1898-1987) 63
  • Leland B. Jacobs (1907-1992) 65
  • William Heard Kilpatrick (1871-1965) 67
  • Lucy Craft Laney (1854-1933) 71
  • John Locke (1632-1704) 73
  • Emma Jacobina Christiana Marwedel (1818-1893) 75
  • Margaret Mcmillan (1860-1931) and Rachel Mcmillan (1859-1917) 77
  • Lucy Sprague Mitchell (1878-1967) 79
  • Maria Montessori (1870-1952) 83
  • Robert Owen (1771-1858) 85
  • Elizabeth Palmer Peabody (1804-1894) 87
  • Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi (1746-1827) 91
  • Jean Piaget (1896-1980) 93
  • Caroline Pratt (1867-1954) 99
  • Alice Harvey Whiting Putnam (1841-1919) 101
  • Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778) 105
  • Alice Temple (1871-1946) 107
  • Mary Church Terrell (1863-1954) and the National Association of Colored Women 111
  • Edward Lee Thorndike (1874-1949) 117
  • Evangeline H. Ward (1920-1985) 121
  • Lillian Weber (1917-1994) 125
  • Lucy Wheelock (1857-1946) 129
  • Kate Douglas Wiggin (1856-1923) 133
  • Appendix - A Chronological List 135
  • Bibliography 137
  • Index 139
  • About the Author *
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