Granville Stanley Hall (1844-1924) Hall laid the foundation for modern child psychology and helped to reshape the
kindergarten.The contributions Hall made to early childhood education include the creation
of the child study movement; a curriculum based on the nature and needs of children as gathered by objective observational techniques; clean, well-lit, well-ventilated classrooms for kindergartens; and, because large muscles develop early and
need exercise, a program of active games, music, spontaneous free play, language
development, outdoor play, and the use of the imagination to replace Froebel's
sedentary activities that overused immature small muscles. He encouraged teachers to experiment with methods and materials; as first president of Clark University, he developed a series of summer conferences to enable teachers to discuss
problems in child development that attracted leaders in kindergarten reform; which
created a controversy and a split in the International Kindergarten Union that led to
reforms. He also developed questionnaires and anecdotal records as methods of
data collection; enlisted teachers in data collection on physical, intellectual, emotional, and social behavior; concluded that children think and react differently from
adults; believed in an evolutionary concept of development that each stage must be
lived through for development to be complete. He was the author of many books
and articles including The Content of Children's Minds.The child study movement helped kindergarten theory and practice evolve
into valuable contributions to education. New insights into how young children
learn and what they are able to do became the basis for educational practice at all
|150. || "The Content of Children's Minds". Princeton Review 2 ( May 1883): 249- 272. First major work based on data gathered by teachers in Boston. Interesting tabulation of questions.|
|151. || "New Departures in Education". The North American Review140 ( February 1885): 144-152. States that the common school does not respect childhood. Provides advice on restructuring school to include a new education
based on a knowledge of childhood.|
|152. || "The Story of a Sand Pile". Scribner's Magazine 3 ( June 1888): pp. 690- 696. Describes children at play in a longitudinal study, which is not his
usual research method. Reports how children playing alone create their
own social institutions providing evidence that children's development
can be seen as the basis for socialization. This has been called Hall's most|
Questia, a part of Gale, Cengage Learning. www.questia.com
Book title: Pioneers of Early Childhood Education:A Bio-Bibliographical Guide.
Contributors: Barbara Ruth Peltzman - Author.
Publisher: Greenwood Press.
Place of publication: Westport, CT.
Publication year: 1998.
Page number: 41.
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