Pioneers of Early Childhood Education: A Bio-Bibliographical Guide

By Barbara Ruth Peltzman | Go to book overview

William Torrey Harris (1835-1908) and Susan E. Blow (1843-1916)
Under the leadership of Superintendent of Schools Harris and teacher-trainer Blow, the first free kindergarten to be part of a large urban public school system opened in St. Louis in 1873.The contributions made by Harris and Blow to early childhood education include lowering the school entrance age to provide a longer period of education for the urban poor; combining theory and actual classroom practice with exposure to the liberal arts in a teacher training program; clear and inspired interpretations of Friedrich Froebel's work; the acceptance of the kindergarten as part of public school education; the spread of the kindergarten movement throughout the United States; and the training of many future leaders and teacher educators in early childhood education. Blow was a leader in the International Kindergarten Union and the Committee of Nineteen; and Harris served as United States Commissioner of Education ( 1886-1906). In addition, Blow was an influential author and lecturer at Teachers' College, Columbia University.The combined leadership of Harris and Blow made St. Louis a national model for the development of public school kindergartens and the training of kindergarten teachers.
PRIMARY SOURCES -- HARRIS
182. "The Kindergarten". In Twenty-Second Annual Report of the Board of Directors of the St. Louis Public Schools Year Ending August 1, 1876, St. Louis: Slowson Printers, 1877, pp. 79-119. Presents a history of the kindergarten experiment in the St. Louis Public Schools describing its benefits to the poor, costs, teacher training, Blow's work, attendance, curriculum, teachers' salary, play, dangers in classroom management techniques, Froebel's Gifts and Occupations with illustrations for each, success in primary school after the kindergarten experience supported by statistics, and the kindergarten "Americanized." Presents a great deal of information. Concludes with questions about the kindergarten that need further consideration.
183. "Psychological Inquiry". National Education Association Journal of Proceedings and Addresses, 1885 at Saratoga Springs, New York. New York: Little & Co., 1886, pp. 91-101. Discusses the importance of psychology for teachers. Criticizes the concept of learning by doing because it does not "give any hint as to what we should learn to do." Refers to the work of

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Pioneers of Early Childhood Education: A Bio-Bibliographical Guide
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Preface ix
  • References x
  • Acknowledgments xi
  • Introduction xiii
  • Bibliography xvi
  • Johann Amos Comenius (1592-1670) 1
  • John Dewey (1859-1952) 3
  • Ella Victoria Dobbs (1866-1952) 17
  • Abigail Adams Eliot (1892-1992) 21
  • Friedrich Wilhelm Froebel (1782-1852) 25
  • Arnold Lucius Gesell (1880-1961) 29
  • William Nicholas Hailmann (1836-1920) 33
  • Granville Stanley Hall (1844-1924) 41
  • William Torrey Harris (1835-1908) and Susan E. Blow (1843-1916) 47
  • Elizabeth Harrison (1849-1927) 55
  • Patty Smith Hill (1868-1946) 59
  • Amy M. Hostler (1898-1987) 63
  • Leland B. Jacobs (1907-1992) 65
  • William Heard Kilpatrick (1871-1965) 67
  • Lucy Craft Laney (1854-1933) 71
  • John Locke (1632-1704) 73
  • Emma Jacobina Christiana Marwedel (1818-1893) 75
  • Margaret Mcmillan (1860-1931) and Rachel Mcmillan (1859-1917) 77
  • Lucy Sprague Mitchell (1878-1967) 79
  • Maria Montessori (1870-1952) 83
  • Robert Owen (1771-1858) 85
  • Elizabeth Palmer Peabody (1804-1894) 87
  • Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi (1746-1827) 91
  • Jean Piaget (1896-1980) 93
  • Caroline Pratt (1867-1954) 99
  • Alice Harvey Whiting Putnam (1841-1919) 101
  • Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778) 105
  • Alice Temple (1871-1946) 107
  • Mary Church Terrell (1863-1954) and the National Association of Colored Women 111
  • Edward Lee Thorndike (1874-1949) 117
  • Evangeline H. Ward (1920-1985) 121
  • Lillian Weber (1917-1994) 125
  • Lucy Wheelock (1857-1946) 129
  • Kate Douglas Wiggin (1856-1923) 133
  • Appendix - A Chronological List 135
  • Bibliography 137
  • Index 139
  • About the Author *
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