Pioneers of Early Childhood Education: A Bio-Bibliographical Guide

By Barbara Ruth Peltzman | Go to book overview

Elizabeth Harrison (1849-1927)
Founder of the National College of Education, Harrison demanded high standards for admission and training from those who wished to teach young children. Harrison studed with Alice Putnam, Susan Blow, Maria Kraus-Boelte, Baroness Bertha von Marenholtz-Bulow, and Maria Montessori. She founded the Chicago Kindergarten Club with Alice Putnam; lectured nationally to mothers with Mrs. John N. Crouse; established the Chicago Kindergarten Training School ( 1887), which became the Chicago Kindergarten College, with a three-year training program; as well as the National Kindergarten College ( 1912), the National Kindergarten and Elementary College ( 1917), and the National College of Education ( 1930). Only high school graduates were admitted to these training schools, which provided a three-year (and later a four-year) bachelor's degree program that included humanities, sciences, social sciences, and pedagogical studies. Harrison was a lecturer, author, and parents advocate; a member of the International Kindergarten Union Advisory Committee ( 1892-1910), Parents Committee ( 1902-1907), Teacher Training Committee ( 1902, 1909-1916), and Committee of 15 ( 1902-1929), which became the Committee of 19. She was a member of the American Child Welfare Association, National Board of the Congress of Mothers and a leader of the Conservative-Liberal Subcommittee of the Committee of 19. She believed in a combination of Froebel's philosophy and a scientific approach to the kindergarten, and was unable to decide which committee to join when the Conservative-Liberal split; she joined both. Harrison worked to teach parents and teachers the value of creative arts in child development and founded a teacher training program that became a model for the profession.
PRIMARY SOURCES
221. A List of Books for Children Recommended from the Kindergarten Standpoint. Pamphlet, 1889. Consists of five lists of recommended books: (1) nine books to read to children, (2) thirty-seven to read with children, (3) fifteen for children in science, (4) sixteen for teachers and mothers to read dealing with child study and child development such as Émile by Rousseau and Leonard and Gertrude by Pestalozzi, and (5) nineteen books for teachers and mothers on science.
222. A Study of Child Nature: From the Kindergarten Standpoint. Chicago: Chicago Kindergarten College, 1890. Presents Harrison's lectures in three categories: the body, the mind, and the soul, describing instincts and their training in the three categories. The Body discusses training the muscles,

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Pioneers of Early Childhood Education: A Bio-Bibliographical Guide
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Preface ix
  • References x
  • Acknowledgments xi
  • Introduction xiii
  • Bibliography xvi
  • Johann Amos Comenius (1592-1670) 1
  • John Dewey (1859-1952) 3
  • Ella Victoria Dobbs (1866-1952) 17
  • Abigail Adams Eliot (1892-1992) 21
  • Friedrich Wilhelm Froebel (1782-1852) 25
  • Arnold Lucius Gesell (1880-1961) 29
  • William Nicholas Hailmann (1836-1920) 33
  • Granville Stanley Hall (1844-1924) 41
  • William Torrey Harris (1835-1908) and Susan E. Blow (1843-1916) 47
  • Elizabeth Harrison (1849-1927) 55
  • Patty Smith Hill (1868-1946) 59
  • Amy M. Hostler (1898-1987) 63
  • Leland B. Jacobs (1907-1992) 65
  • William Heard Kilpatrick (1871-1965) 67
  • Lucy Craft Laney (1854-1933) 71
  • John Locke (1632-1704) 73
  • Emma Jacobina Christiana Marwedel (1818-1893) 75
  • Margaret Mcmillan (1860-1931) and Rachel Mcmillan (1859-1917) 77
  • Lucy Sprague Mitchell (1878-1967) 79
  • Maria Montessori (1870-1952) 83
  • Robert Owen (1771-1858) 85
  • Elizabeth Palmer Peabody (1804-1894) 87
  • Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi (1746-1827) 91
  • Jean Piaget (1896-1980) 93
  • Caroline Pratt (1867-1954) 99
  • Alice Harvey Whiting Putnam (1841-1919) 101
  • Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778) 105
  • Alice Temple (1871-1946) 107
  • Mary Church Terrell (1863-1954) and the National Association of Colored Women 111
  • Edward Lee Thorndike (1874-1949) 117
  • Evangeline H. Ward (1920-1985) 121
  • Lillian Weber (1917-1994) 125
  • Lucy Wheelock (1857-1946) 129
  • Kate Douglas Wiggin (1856-1923) 133
  • Appendix - A Chronological List 135
  • Bibliography 137
  • Index 139
  • About the Author *
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