Pioneers of Early Childhood Education: A Bio-Bibliographical Guide

By Barbara Ruth Peltzman | Go to book overview

Patty Smith Hill (1868-1946)
The unification and restructuring of kindergarten and primary education was the aim of Hill's work. Hill's successes in early childhood education include the unification of the kindergarten and first grade so that one teacher could work with both the kindergarten and primary grades; a revision of the curriculum to include new songs, equipment, and activities to promote creativity, social living, and better meet the needs of young children; more work with parents; and changes in teacher training to include theory based on the work's of John Dewey, Edward L. Thorndike, Granville Stanley Hall, and William H. Kilpatrick. She encouraged the spread of nursery schools and was a leader in the International Kindergarten Union and the Committee of Nineteen, as well as the Speyer and Horace Mann schools which served as models for training teachers and innovations. Hill supported the link between Teachers' College, Columbia University and model schools to validate the professional status of early childhood educators. She developed large wooden floor blocks called Hill blocks.Under Hill's leadership early childhood education moved away from Friedrich Froebel's idealism toward a modern scientific knowledge base.
PRIMARY SOURCES
235. and Mildred J. Hill. Song Stories for the Kindergarten. Chicago: Clayton E. Summy & Co. 1896. Words by Patty Smith Hill and music by Mildred J. Hill. The collection includes "Good Morning to You" and "Happy Birthday."
236. Free Play. Proceeding of the Seventh Annual Meeting of the International Kindergarten Union, April 18-20, 1900. Brooklyn, New York. Chicago: Donnelley & Sons Printers, 1900, pp. 108-113. Discusses the function of free play and games and their place in the kindergarten curriculum; the advantages and disadvantages of substituting traditional games for kindergarten games, and concludes that it would be as much of a mistake to disregard traditional games as it would be to substitute them for kindergarten games.
237. "Some Conservative and Progressive Phases of Kindergarten Education" The Sixth Yearbook of the National Society for the Study of Education. Part II the Kindergarten and Its Relation to Elementary Education, ed. Manfred J. Holmes. Chicago: Public School Publishing Co., 1907, pp. 61-85. Discusses the conditions and causes that gave rise to the reactionary movement; the present status of the Conservative and Progressive

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Pioneers of Early Childhood Education: A Bio-Bibliographical Guide
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Preface ix
  • References x
  • Acknowledgments xi
  • Introduction xiii
  • Bibliography xvi
  • Johann Amos Comenius (1592-1670) 1
  • John Dewey (1859-1952) 3
  • Ella Victoria Dobbs (1866-1952) 17
  • Abigail Adams Eliot (1892-1992) 21
  • Friedrich Wilhelm Froebel (1782-1852) 25
  • Arnold Lucius Gesell (1880-1961) 29
  • William Nicholas Hailmann (1836-1920) 33
  • Granville Stanley Hall (1844-1924) 41
  • William Torrey Harris (1835-1908) and Susan E. Blow (1843-1916) 47
  • Elizabeth Harrison (1849-1927) 55
  • Patty Smith Hill (1868-1946) 59
  • Amy M. Hostler (1898-1987) 63
  • Leland B. Jacobs (1907-1992) 65
  • William Heard Kilpatrick (1871-1965) 67
  • Lucy Craft Laney (1854-1933) 71
  • John Locke (1632-1704) 73
  • Emma Jacobina Christiana Marwedel (1818-1893) 75
  • Margaret Mcmillan (1860-1931) and Rachel Mcmillan (1859-1917) 77
  • Lucy Sprague Mitchell (1878-1967) 79
  • Maria Montessori (1870-1952) 83
  • Robert Owen (1771-1858) 85
  • Elizabeth Palmer Peabody (1804-1894) 87
  • Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi (1746-1827) 91
  • Jean Piaget (1896-1980) 93
  • Caroline Pratt (1867-1954) 99
  • Alice Harvey Whiting Putnam (1841-1919) 101
  • Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778) 105
  • Alice Temple (1871-1946) 107
  • Mary Church Terrell (1863-1954) and the National Association of Colored Women 111
  • Edward Lee Thorndike (1874-1949) 117
  • Evangeline H. Ward (1920-1985) 121
  • Lillian Weber (1917-1994) 125
  • Lucy Wheelock (1857-1946) 129
  • Kate Douglas Wiggin (1856-1923) 133
  • Appendix - A Chronological List 135
  • Bibliography 137
  • Index 139
  • About the Author *
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