Pioneers of Early Childhood Education: A Bio-Bibliographical Guide

By Barbara Ruth Peltzman | Go to book overview

John Locke (1632-1704)
Locke applied the scientific laws of his time to human development, believing that it proceeded according to specific laws. He believed that a person was not preformed at birth, but developed as a result of encounters with the environment. Locke believed that the individual was a blank slate (tabula rasa) who received impressions from the environment via the senses, and that these impressions should be part of education. He placed strong emphasis on physical activity, believing in "a sound mind in a sound body," and felt that the family was responsible for education and so provided guidelines for parents. Locke conceived an educational model for the gentleman class who, he felt, needed physical toughness and mental sharpness. Locke introduced America to the image of the English country gentleman whose strength came from wealth earned in commerce. He envisioned a government given power by the people who were granted protection of their natural rights to life, liberty, and property. Locke tried to understand the nature of people, to set educational goals for the good life, and to select the experiences necessary for achieving these goals.
PRIMARY SOURCES
290. Some Thoughts Concerning Education. London: Awnsham and John Churchill, 1693. Anonymous. Some Thoughts Concerning Education. Enlarged by Mr. John Locke. London: A. and J. Churchill, 1705. A series of letters written from Holland in 1684 to Edward Clarke giving advice on raising children. These letters provide a guide to raising a physically healthy young gentleman. The first two editions were published anonymously in 1693. The fifth edition published in 1705 is considered the definitive edition and Locke's name appears on the title page.
291. Two Treatises on Government Ed. by P. Laslett. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 1960. Locke's political theory, which denies the absolute rights of kings, was written while in exile in Holland in 1690.

SECONDARY SOURCES
Axtell James L. The Educational Writings of John Locke. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1968. Provides a detailed discussion of Locke's writings on education with an excellent checklist of publication dates from 1693-1966 in several languages and an extensive bibliography. The appendices provide the letters to Edward Clarke, a letter to Countess

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Pioneers of Early Childhood Education: A Bio-Bibliographical Guide
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Preface ix
  • References x
  • Acknowledgments xi
  • Introduction xiii
  • Bibliography xvi
  • Johann Amos Comenius (1592-1670) 1
  • John Dewey (1859-1952) 3
  • Ella Victoria Dobbs (1866-1952) 17
  • Abigail Adams Eliot (1892-1992) 21
  • Friedrich Wilhelm Froebel (1782-1852) 25
  • Arnold Lucius Gesell (1880-1961) 29
  • William Nicholas Hailmann (1836-1920) 33
  • Granville Stanley Hall (1844-1924) 41
  • William Torrey Harris (1835-1908) and Susan E. Blow (1843-1916) 47
  • Elizabeth Harrison (1849-1927) 55
  • Patty Smith Hill (1868-1946) 59
  • Amy M. Hostler (1898-1987) 63
  • Leland B. Jacobs (1907-1992) 65
  • William Heard Kilpatrick (1871-1965) 67
  • Lucy Craft Laney (1854-1933) 71
  • John Locke (1632-1704) 73
  • Emma Jacobina Christiana Marwedel (1818-1893) 75
  • Margaret Mcmillan (1860-1931) and Rachel Mcmillan (1859-1917) 77
  • Lucy Sprague Mitchell (1878-1967) 79
  • Maria Montessori (1870-1952) 83
  • Robert Owen (1771-1858) 85
  • Elizabeth Palmer Peabody (1804-1894) 87
  • Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi (1746-1827) 91
  • Jean Piaget (1896-1980) 93
  • Caroline Pratt (1867-1954) 99
  • Alice Harvey Whiting Putnam (1841-1919) 101
  • Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778) 105
  • Alice Temple (1871-1946) 107
  • Mary Church Terrell (1863-1954) and the National Association of Colored Women 111
  • Edward Lee Thorndike (1874-1949) 117
  • Evangeline H. Ward (1920-1985) 121
  • Lillian Weber (1917-1994) 125
  • Lucy Wheelock (1857-1946) 129
  • Kate Douglas Wiggin (1856-1923) 133
  • Appendix - A Chronological List 135
  • Bibliography 137
  • Index 139
  • About the Author *
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