Pioneers of Early Childhood Education: A Bio-Bibliographical Guide

By Barbara Ruth Peltzman | Go to book overview

Maria Montessori (1870-1952)
Montessori built on the work of Jean-Marc Gaspard Itard and Edouard Seguine to develop a child-centered approach to education. She created a program for young children in the slums of Rome which became known as the Montessori Method.The innovations Montessori brought to early childhood education include the belief that each child develops from within as an individual; and that a child must be free to select and use materials with a minimum of adult interference for as long as desired. She invented self-correcting materials that developed the senses, language, the intellect, and the muscles; encouraged the use of child-size, moveable furniture; and the use of sensory materials to build the foundation for reading, writing, and arithmetic. Montessori advocated a change in the role of the teacher from a shaper of behavior to an observer of child development and the development of independence, self-care, and self-confidence through self-directed activities in an unhurried environment that was suited to the needs of the child.Elements of the Montessori Method and adaptations of Montessori materials are used widely today in early childhood programs throughout the world. Montessori provided insight into and respect for the ways in which young children learn.
PRIMARY SOURCES
320. The Montessori Method. Trans. Anne E. George. New York: Frederick A. Stokes, 1912; New York: Schoken Books, 1964. (repr.) A detailed presentation of Montessori's theory and practice of education. The introduction to the 1964 edition by J. McVicker Hunt discusses the reasons for a reexamination of the Montessori Method.
321. Pedagogical Anthropology. Trans. Frederic Taber Cooper. New York: Frederick A. Stokes, 1913. Describes the systematic study of children for educational purposes and for developing philosophical principles of education. Discusses modern tendencies of anthropology and their relation to pedagogy; the principles of general biology; the anatomy of the child in detail; the biographical history of the pupil and his antecedents; and the application of biometry to anthropology for the purpose of determining the medial man. This is based on a series of lectures given at the University of Rome.
322. The Advanced Montessori Method: The Montessori Elementary Material. Trans. Arthur Livingston. New York: Frederick A. Stokes, 1917; Massachusetts: Bentley, 1964. (repr.) Describes the extension of the method for the education of children from age 7 through 11. Discusses methods for teaching grammar, reading, arithmetic, geometry, drawing, music, and

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Pioneers of Early Childhood Education: A Bio-Bibliographical Guide
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Preface ix
  • References x
  • Acknowledgments xi
  • Introduction xiii
  • Bibliography xvi
  • Johann Amos Comenius (1592-1670) 1
  • John Dewey (1859-1952) 3
  • Ella Victoria Dobbs (1866-1952) 17
  • Abigail Adams Eliot (1892-1992) 21
  • Friedrich Wilhelm Froebel (1782-1852) 25
  • Arnold Lucius Gesell (1880-1961) 29
  • William Nicholas Hailmann (1836-1920) 33
  • Granville Stanley Hall (1844-1924) 41
  • William Torrey Harris (1835-1908) and Susan E. Blow (1843-1916) 47
  • Elizabeth Harrison (1849-1927) 55
  • Patty Smith Hill (1868-1946) 59
  • Amy M. Hostler (1898-1987) 63
  • Leland B. Jacobs (1907-1992) 65
  • William Heard Kilpatrick (1871-1965) 67
  • Lucy Craft Laney (1854-1933) 71
  • John Locke (1632-1704) 73
  • Emma Jacobina Christiana Marwedel (1818-1893) 75
  • Margaret Mcmillan (1860-1931) and Rachel Mcmillan (1859-1917) 77
  • Lucy Sprague Mitchell (1878-1967) 79
  • Maria Montessori (1870-1952) 83
  • Robert Owen (1771-1858) 85
  • Elizabeth Palmer Peabody (1804-1894) 87
  • Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi (1746-1827) 91
  • Jean Piaget (1896-1980) 93
  • Caroline Pratt (1867-1954) 99
  • Alice Harvey Whiting Putnam (1841-1919) 101
  • Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778) 105
  • Alice Temple (1871-1946) 107
  • Mary Church Terrell (1863-1954) and the National Association of Colored Women 111
  • Edward Lee Thorndike (1874-1949) 117
  • Evangeline H. Ward (1920-1985) 121
  • Lillian Weber (1917-1994) 125
  • Lucy Wheelock (1857-1946) 129
  • Kate Douglas Wiggin (1856-1923) 133
  • Appendix - A Chronological List 135
  • Bibliography 137
  • Index 139
  • About the Author *
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