Pioneers of Early Childhood Education: A Bio-Bibliographical Guide

By Barbara Ruth Peltzman | Go to book overview

Alice Harvey Whiting Putnam (1841-1919)
Her desire to find the right way to educate her children led Putnam to organize a parents group to discuss Friedrich Froebel's Mother Play and Songsin 1874. This desire to learn more about Froebel's method through reading, discussion, and training changed Putnam's life. Putnam took an active role in the development of early childhood education. After training with Anna Ogden, she opened a kindergarten in her home. She supervised the Training School of the Chicago Froebel Association from 1880 to 1910 at Cook County Normal School, transferring headquarters to Hull House to. provide students with experience working with slum children. Art and science experiences were included in her training classes. Putnam was a teacher and director of the demonstration kindergarten at Cook County Normal School; a founding member of the Chicago Kindergarten Club and president in 1890; and a member and, in 1901, president of the International Kindergarten Union. She taught two courses as a nonresidential reader in education at the University of Chicago, as well as being an author and lecturer. Putnam believed in kindergarten reform based on what was best for the children rather than strict adherence to Froebel's materials. A strong supporter of creativity and firsthand experiences, Putnam was against formal instruction in the kindergarten.
PRIMARY SOURCES
395. "Froebel's Message to Parents". National Education Association Journal of Proceedings and Addresses 1889. Topeka: Kansas Publishing House, 1889, pp. 473-478. Discusses Froebel's law of symbolism and analyzes it in relation to America in 1889, fifty years after he wrote Die Mutter Und. Kose Lieder. This is an attempt to evaluate the significance of Froebel's advice to parents on early education.
396. "Shall Reading and Writing be Taught in the Kindergarten?" Proceedings of the International Congress of Education of the World's Columbian Exposition, Chicago, July 25-28, 1893 Under the Charge of the National Education Association of the United States. New York: National Education Association, 1895, pp. 327-328. States that there are definite stages of growth at particular periods of life in which we may do certain things, when we must work out certain problems which cannot be solved at any other time in life. The games, Gifts, and Occupations of the kindergarten are suited to the child's developmental stage and help the child gain information from the senses needed for further growth. Introducing reading at

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Pioneers of Early Childhood Education: A Bio-Bibliographical Guide
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Preface ix
  • References x
  • Acknowledgments xi
  • Introduction xiii
  • Bibliography xvi
  • Johann Amos Comenius (1592-1670) 1
  • John Dewey (1859-1952) 3
  • Ella Victoria Dobbs (1866-1952) 17
  • Abigail Adams Eliot (1892-1992) 21
  • Friedrich Wilhelm Froebel (1782-1852) 25
  • Arnold Lucius Gesell (1880-1961) 29
  • William Nicholas Hailmann (1836-1920) 33
  • Granville Stanley Hall (1844-1924) 41
  • William Torrey Harris (1835-1908) and Susan E. Blow (1843-1916) 47
  • Elizabeth Harrison (1849-1927) 55
  • Patty Smith Hill (1868-1946) 59
  • Amy M. Hostler (1898-1987) 63
  • Leland B. Jacobs (1907-1992) 65
  • William Heard Kilpatrick (1871-1965) 67
  • Lucy Craft Laney (1854-1933) 71
  • John Locke (1632-1704) 73
  • Emma Jacobina Christiana Marwedel (1818-1893) 75
  • Margaret Mcmillan (1860-1931) and Rachel Mcmillan (1859-1917) 77
  • Lucy Sprague Mitchell (1878-1967) 79
  • Maria Montessori (1870-1952) 83
  • Robert Owen (1771-1858) 85
  • Elizabeth Palmer Peabody (1804-1894) 87
  • Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi (1746-1827) 91
  • Jean Piaget (1896-1980) 93
  • Caroline Pratt (1867-1954) 99
  • Alice Harvey Whiting Putnam (1841-1919) 101
  • Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778) 105
  • Alice Temple (1871-1946) 107
  • Mary Church Terrell (1863-1954) and the National Association of Colored Women 111
  • Edward Lee Thorndike (1874-1949) 117
  • Evangeline H. Ward (1920-1985) 121
  • Lillian Weber (1917-1994) 125
  • Lucy Wheelock (1857-1946) 129
  • Kate Douglas Wiggin (1856-1923) 133
  • Appendix - A Chronological List 135
  • Bibliography 137
  • Index 139
  • About the Author *
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