Presidential Influence and Environmental Policy

By Robert A. Shanley; Bernard K. Johnpoll | Go to book overview
Save to active project


Advocates of a strong presidency maintain that the president as the only nationally elected leader and as chief executive with broad power derived from the Constitution is justified in directing the execution of the laws and supervising and coordinating the activities of the federal bureaucracy. These advocates perceive the buildup of the institutional presidency and deployment of a vigorous administrative presidency strategy as vehicles to harness the bureaucracy toward realizing objectives articulated in the presidential election.

However, difficulties can occur when presidents and their lieutenants act on the claim that they received a popular mandate to translate some of their specific proposals and their broader goals into government policy. The claim of a policy mandate rests on the presumption that national policy issues have been clearly debated by candidates and presented to the voters. However, even if issues are addressed, other factors such as candidates' previous records, their rhetoric and personalities, and the voters' party affiliations and socioeconomic backgrounds may play a significant role in the final electoral outcome. Moreover, the claim of a presidential mandate may not be confirmed by survey voting research and public opinion polls. For example, there was no evidence indicating a significant popular shift to the political right in the 1980 presidential election. President Reagan did not obtain a clear popular mandate for his conservative objectives; rather, there was an overwhelming rejection of President Carter given his inability to deal with economic and some foreign policy problems. 1 Public opinion polls indicated that Reagan could not claim a specific mandate for his New Federalism policy and for drastic reduction of funding and enforcement of environmental and health and safety regulations. 2 Survey


Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
Loading One moment ...
Project items
Cite this page

Cited page

Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Presidential Influence and Environmental Policy


Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

While we understand printed pages are helpful to our users, this limitation is necessary to help protect our publishers' copyrighted material and prevent its unlawful distribution. We are sorry for any inconvenience.
Full screen
/ 188

matching results for page

Cited passage

Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.

Are you sure you want to delete this highlight?