Ranks and Columns: Armed Forces Newspapers in American Wars

By Alfred Emile Cornebise | Go to book overview
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7 World War II: The Early Years

A soldier's newspaper, in these grave times, is more than a morale venture. It is a symbol of the things we are fighting to preserve and spread in this threatened world. It represents the free thought and free expression of a free people.

-- General George C. Marshall, The Stars and Stripes, London, April 18, 1942.

Journals flourished between the two world wars, and some significant ones were established. In 1918, the government emerged as an important military publisher. At that time, both the army and navy launched aviation periodicals. Air Force, originally published by the Aviation Section, Army Signal Corps, was one. It continued until 1947. The navy's Naval Aviation News began as a newsletter issued by its Bureau of Aeronautics.1 In 1919, the army founded its first recruiting organ which, after World War II, became Life of the Soldier and Airman. Also in 1919, Ordnance was created, and in 1920, The Military Engineer, followed, in 1921, by The Quartermaster Review. In 1922, the army's Military Review appeared. One of that service's most respected publications, it is still being published. Concerned with tactical and strategic matters, it is aimed at senior officers. Naval Affairs, launched in the following year, was founded by the Fleet Reserve Association in the interest of fleet reservists.

Civilian ventures also appeared soon after the war, some intended for a readership of both civilians and military personnel. One, Liaison. The Courier of the Big Gun Corps, was published at Fortress Monroe, Virginia, as a weekly magazine featuring the Coast Artillery.2 Another, The American Soldier, was a monthly magazine edited by a veteran. It was intended as a nonpolitical, "But

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