These three periods, incidentally, recapitulate the history of filmmaking in general as
the films progress from unscripted, silent black and white shorts to elaborate, full-length
commercial features, and Warhol himself moves from photographer, to director, to
producer ( Arthur149).
Warhol insisted that many of the films be projected at 16 frames-per-second, resulting
in a barely perceptible slow motion ( Mussman154).
David James identifies a threefold process in Warhol's appropriation of the Hollywood
experience. They include 1) a selective use of names, roles and gestures from Hollywood's
golden age, 2) deliberately crude generic imitations, and 3) remakes of specific films (141).
Tony Rayns specifically addresses the Morrissey/ Warhol relationship in his essay,
"Death at Work"; and though he does not answer the question of why the two
" collaborated," his profile of Morrissey and his films illuminates the sharp differences
between Warhol and his assistant.
Arthur Paul. "Flesh of Absence" in Andy Warhol: Film Factory. Ed.
Michael O'Pray. London: British Film Institute, 1989, 146-153.
Battcock Gregory. "Four Films by Andy Warhol" in The New American Cinema. Ed. Gregory Battcock.
E. P. Dutton, 1967, 233-252.
Berg Gretchen. "Nothing to Lose: An Interview with Andy Warhol". Cahiers du Cinema
in English, no. 10, 1967. Rpt. in Andy Warhol: Film Factory. Ed.
Michael O'Pray. London: British Film Institute, 1989, 54-61.
Bragin John. "The Work of Bruce Baillie" in The New American Cinema. Ed.
. New York:
E. P. Dutton, 1967, 226-232.
Bourdon David. "Warhol as Film Maker". Art in America ( May-June 1971): 48-53.
Colacello Bob. Holy Terror. New York: Harper Perennial, 1990.
Crone Rainer. "Form and Ideology: Warhol's Techniques from Blotted Line to Film" in The Work, of Andy Warhol. Ed.
Gary Garrels. Seattle: Bay Press, 1989, 70-92.
Dick Vivienne. "Warhol: Won't Wrinkle Ever" in Andy Warhol: Film Factory. Ed. Michael O'Pray. London: British Film Institute 1989, 154-159.
Questia, a part of Gale, Cengage Learning. www.questia.com
Book title: The Critical Response to Andy Warhol.
Contributors: Alan R. Pratt - Editor.
Publisher: Greenwood Press.
Place of publication: Westport, CT.
Publication year: 1997.
Page number: 248.
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