It is always difficult to decide what kinds of names to use for the individuals in ethics cases. Different authors have used several alternatives. Originally, I was going to use bland descriptors, such as "Dr. X," however, some students found this distracting and noted that it masked gender and ethnicity when they were important. Consequently, I often refer to the professional only as a psychologist. When I do use names to clarify the role, gender, or ethnicity of the people involved, I use short surnames, none of which have any resemblance to the names of the real people involved in any of the cases from which ideas were drawn.
Because cases may illustrate more than one point, they may be cited in more than one place in the book. All of the cases are included in Appendix C to make the cases easily accessible and provide a resource that allows discussion of particular cases out of the context of the text itself. Instructors, for example, may want students to think about one or two of the cases prior to reading a chapter to prime them for the material they will read at a later time.
This book has been in progress for more than 4 years. It has benefited from numerous conversations with colleagues, students, and friends, who have shared both insights and incidents, many of which have been incorporated into the book itself. In addition, several people have read all or portions of the text. In particular, I want to thank Pamela A. Daniel and two anonymous reviewers who read the full text. For the most part, I found their comments very insightful. The manuscript was strengthened substantially because of their contributions. In addition, I want to thank Harry Canon, Mark Lyon, Barbara M. Vollmer, Jesse N. Valdez, Timothy Patrick Dea, and Michael Sobocinski, who read or commented on portions of the manuscript. In all cases, I take full responsibility for my interpretation of their comments and for choosing or not choosing to include their recommendations.
In addition, because this book took more than 4 years to write, I have been working on other manuscripts simultaneously. As a result, the ideas contained in one project have enriched the others. Sometimes it has been difficult for me to identify which project influenced the other in order to reference it appropriately. I have tried throughout this book to indicate when work from other projects strongly influenced this one, however, I do want to acknowledge the possible over lap with several other book chapters. These include K. S. Kitchener (in press), K. S. Kitchener and Anderson ( 1999), and several chapters from J. Anderson and Barret (in press).